Imagine the field around a magnet and imagine ordinary everyday static electricity. If you put the force field from the magnet with the force field from the static electricity you make a wave. This wave is called an electromagnetic wave. There are lots of different types of electromagnetic waves but they are all made of the same two things magnetic and static. The only difference between the waves is their wavelength or the length of the wave and the number of waves that can be produced a second, i.e. the frequency. All of these waves are put into a table called the electromagnetic spectrum.
At one end of this electromagnetic spectrum you have the very short waves, namely gamma rays and x-rays and at the other end of the spectrum you have the very long ways, namely radio, TV and waves from overhead power cables. All of these waves have the same properties; that is to say they all behave the same. They can all be reflected, refracted, and they all travel at the same speed, which is the speed of light. For interest, if you were one wave of light you would be able to travel around the world nearly seven times every second; that is the speed of light. The electromagnetic spectrum is ordered so that at the short wave end you have the gamma rays, x-rays, ultra-violet, visible light, infra red, microwaves, radar, TV and radio in that order. The ultra-violet and above are known as ionising waves and there is no argument as to the damage they can cause when entering the body. Below ultraviolet is said to be non-ionising and this is where arguments occur between scientists as to whether damage can occur inside the human body through exposure to these waves. The microwaves used in the TETRA system are in the non-ionising section of the electromagnetic spectrum and I will be discussing the arguments concerning microwaves and health in this report.
Confidential Report on TETRA
Ionising radiation is the energy produced from natural and man-made radioactive materials.
It is present in the environment because of naturally occurring radioactive minerals remaining from the very early formation of the planet.
This leads to exposure to gamma rays and radioactive radon gas from certain rocks and from radioactive material in our food and drink.
We are also exposed to natural ionising radiation that comes from outer space and passes through the atmosphere of the planet ? so-called cosmic radiation. - National Radiological Protection board
The non-ionising radiation region of the electromagnetic spectrum covers optical radiation and electromagnetic fields (EMFs).
Optical radiation is another term for light, covering ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation. The greatest risks to health are probably posed by: UV radiation from the sun. Exposure of the eyes to UV radiation can damage the cornea and produce pain and symptoms similar to that of sand in the eye. The effects on the skin range from redness, burning and accelerated ageing through to various types of skin cancer.
the misuse of powerful lasers. High-power lasers can cause serious damage to the eye (including blindness) as well as producing skin burns.
EMFs are generated by electrical and electronic equipment including overhead power lines, domestic appliances and mobile phone base stations and TV/radio transmitters. There are well-established short-term adverse health effects from excessive exposure to EMFs such as effects on the central nervous system and heating of the body.
- Health and safety Executive
Microwave ovens explained
microwaves used in microwave ovens, similar to microwaves used in radar equipment, and telephone,
television and radio communication, are in the non-ionizing range of electromagnetic radiation. Non-ionizing
radiation is very different from Ionizing radiation . Ionizing radiation is extraordinarily high in frequency
(millions of trillions of cycles per second). It is, therefore, extremely powerful and penetrating. Even at
low levels, ionizing radiation can damage the cells of living tissue. In fact, these dangerous rays, have
enough energy and intensity to actually change (ionize) the molecular structure of matter. In sufficient
doses, ionizing radiation can even cause genetic mutations. As shown on the frequency spectrum, the
ionizing range of frequencies includes X-rays, gamma rays, and cosmic rays. Ionizing radiation is the
sort of radiation we associate with radioactive substances like uranium, radium, and the fall-out from
atomic and thermonuclear explosions.
Non-ionizing radiation is very different. Because of the lower frequencies and reduced energy, it does
not have the same damaging and cumulative properties as ionizing radiation. Microwave radiation (at 2450 MHz)
is non-ionizing, and in sufficient intensity will simply cause the molecules in matter to vibrate, thereby
causing friction, which produces the heat that cooks the food. - source
Microwaves - 3D radar
Detection systems used in the fight against terrorism and other crimes rely on X-ray radiation to penetrate materials and build up an image of what is underneath. However, because X-rays can damage living tissue, considerable precautions need to be taken when using these systems. Microwave radiation, on the other hand, is harmless to humans [!!!] and has the potential to produce 3-dimensional holographic images of objects concealed from view.
CND: Health concerns over 3D phased array radar
1) The radar beam is a health concern not only because of the levels of radiation but the fact that the radiation pulses rapidly from high to low levels. This rare type of radiation has not been properly investigated and the potential health effects are unknown. One study that did investigate this type of radiation concluded that there are possible effects on hormones and the heart that are of concern.
2) The study only uses old data from an 8 year period. This study is taking place in response to a similar study around a similar radar base at Cape Cod in the USA. The US Government has invested millions of dollars to fully investigate that base and is initiating new, in-depth cancer studies. The UK government should show the same commitment and investigate fully using new data.
3) The long-term health effects of this type of radiation are unknown. No evidence of a link between RAF Fylingdales and cancer registrations in the region does not allow one to conclude that the base poses no health risks.
star wars missile defense & cancer links
this is York.co.uk - star wars articles
People attending a public meeting called to discuss the base's involvement in Son of Star Wars spoke of their concerns about cancer risks to people living locally, to walkers and also to personnel at Fylingdales.
One woman, Sue Cowan, of Thornton-le-Dale, said she knew many base employees who had died and had cancer, while Jackie Fearnley, of Goathland, said: "People want to know if it is safe to go walking round there and have a picnic at Ellerbeck (a beauty spot near Fylingdales)."
Wing Commander Chris Knapman, of RAF Fylingdales, said there had been deaths and cancer cases amongst personnel, but there was no evidence whatsoever that rates were any worse than anywhere else.
this is Ryedale
UK involvement in Missile Defence
A submission to the Defence Select Committee by the Yorkshire Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament - 8th January 2003
Microwave Radiation Exposure from Satellites-
Bush's New 'Star Wars' Base a Radioactive Danger
Cancer is genetic mutation
Scientists believe that most cancers are caused by a series of genetic mutations that develop over a person's lifetime. However, some cancers are associated with a single inherited gene mutation (e.g., BRCA1 or 2). Researchers believe these mutations account for approximately 5% to 10% of all cancer cases of the genes mapped so far. - About Cancer Genetics
If cancer is caused by the Radar system at Fylingdales
is it safe to assume that fine tuning RF frequency can lead to other forms of genetic mutation?
MICROWAVING WOMBS AT GREENHAM COMMON
While the mobile microwave weapons currently deployed in Iraq may or may not lead to lasting harm, rooftop "poppers" and "domes" left to radiate for days at a time are irradiating unsuspecting families already coping with illness, wounds, hunger and the stress of losing homes and loved ones, whose rotting corpses cannot be buried under the sights of marine snipers.
A preview of what lies in store for long-suffering families in Iraq can be gleaned from Greenham Common, where the British Army reportedly used an electromagnetic weapon against 30,000 women who had camped for nearly two decades around that UK military base to protest the deployment of nuclear-tipped US cruise missiles.
One day in the summer of 1984, more than 2,000 British troops suddenly pulled back, leaving the fence unguarded. Peace mom Kim Besley recalls that as curious women approached the gate, they "started experiencing odd health effects: swollen tongues, changed heartbeats, immobility, feelings of terror, pains in the upper body."
Besley found her 30-year-old daughter too ill to stand. Other symptoms typical of electromagnetic exposure included skin burns, severe headaches, drowsiness, post-menopausal menstrual bleeding and menstruation at abnormal times. Besley's daughter's cycle changed to 14 days and took a year to return to normal.
Two late-term spontaneous miscarriages, impaired speech, and an apparent circulatory failure prompted the women to begin monitoring for a directed-energy beam, Using an EMR meter, they measured beams sweeping their camp at 100-times normal background levels.
- Will Thomas - Microwaving Iraq
Taking a Stand - Luekenia cases linked to A-Bomb accident in 1957?
High-power microwave weapons use broad beams of microwave radiation, similar to radar beams, in short bursts to affect their targets. At low settings, HPM could, theoretically, be used as a non-lethal dispersion weapon intended to break-up mobs and groups of enemy soldiers by heating the water in living cells to create an uncomfortable sensation. No research data exists on the long-term effects of exposure, but it is generally believed to be harmless, in the long-term. At higher power levels, HPM is an extremely effective antielectronic weapon - a pulse only a few milliseconds in length can destroy or cripple sensitive electronics in computers, communications networks and power plants, amongst others.
Report: Raytheon 'heat beam' weapon ready for Iraq
December 1, 2004
Government defense giant Raytheon Co. has developed the first nonlethal weapon that fires a heat beam to repel enemies and reduces the chance of innocent civilians being shot, a Pentagon official said.
Raytheon, the world's largest missile maker, delivered a prototype to the U.S. military last month. The product is expected to be evaluated from February through June to determine whether to equip U.S. forces with it
The weapon, mounted on a Humvee vehicle, projects a "focused, speed-of-light millimeter wave energy beam to induce an intolerable heating sensation,'' according to a U.S. Air Force fact sheet. The energy penetrates less than 1/64 of an inch into the skin and the sensation ceases when the target moves out of the beam.
The weapon could be used for crowd control and is effective beyond the range of bullets fired by small arms, Karcher said. The effective range of an AK-47 assault rifle is as far as 273 yards, while an M16A2 rifle has a range of 400 meters.
The primary benefit would be protecting U.S. troops, Heal said. The weapon would also limit deaths of noncombatants, he said.
- Boston Business Journal
"Mutations of the bodies cells, chemicals cause prions and mycoplasm. The implants and directed energy cause mutations of the brain and bodies chemicals as well as mutating cells.
This comes about because implants energy puts out specific frequencies that are equivalent to hi voltage high frequency with special harmonics; this process eventually overwhelms the immune system.
Remember the miller experiment of creating amino acids the building blocks of life from a chemical soup and an electrical spark. The implants frequency output acts on more complex chemical molecules such as amino acids themselves, cells, portions of cells and immune system structures compositions in the brain mutating them into prions and mycoplasm.
The immune system functioning normally can handle suppressing such invaders, however implants and directed energy deplete the immune system and actually causing such pathogens generates an environment for disease to take hold.
An additional mention is the recent release that cattle have been tracked by radio frequency/microwave signals and it does appear possible that Mad Cow disease is a direct result of exposure to tracking where the cattle develop mutation of cells resulting in that disease. The brain defoemation Mad Cow often attributable to cows eating other dead animals might be a cover for the results of radio frequency exposure."
"The True Red List"
The Cancer industry
Title: Russian parliament concerned about US plans to develop new weapon
Document Number: FBIS-SOV-2002-0808
Document Date: 08 Aug 2002
Division: Russia, North America
Subdivision: Russia, United States
Sourceline: CEP20020808000087 Moscow Interfax in English 1009 GMT 8 Aug 02
Citysource: Moscow Interfax
[FBIS Transcribed Text] MOSCOW. Aug 8 (Interfax) - The Russian State
Duma has expressed concern about the United States' program to develop a
qualitatively new type of weapon.
"Under the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), the
U.S. is creating new integral geophysical weapons that may influence the
near-Earth medium with high-frequency radio waves," the State Duma said
in an appeal circulated on Thursday.
"The significance of this qualitative leap could be compared to the
transition from cold steel to fire arms, or from conventional weapons to
nuclear weapons. This new type of weapons differs from previous types in
that the near-Earth medium becomes at once an object of direct influence
and its component.
These conclusions were made by the commission of the State Duma's
international affairs and defense committees, the statement reads.
The committees reported that the U.S. is planning to test three
facilities of this kind. One of them is located on the military testing
ground in Alaska and its full-scale tests are to begin in early 2003. The
second one is in Greenland and the third one in Norway.
"When these facilities are launched into space from Norway, Alsaka and
Greenland, a closed contour will be created with a truly fantastic
integral potential for influencing the near-Earth medium," the State Duma
The U.S. plans to carry out large-scale scientific experiments, under
the HAARP program, and not controlled by the global community, will
create weapons capable of breaking radio communication lines and
equipment installed on spaceships and rockets, provoke serious accidents
in electricity networks and in oil and gas pipelines and have a negative
impact on the mental health of people populating entire regions, the
They demanded that an international ban be put on such large-scale
The appeal, signed by 90 deputies, has been sent to President Vladimir
Putin, to the United Nations and other international organizations, to
the parliaments and leaders of the UN member countries, to the scientific
public and to mass media outlets.
Among those who signed the appeal are Tatyana Astrakhankina, Nikolai
Kharitonov, Yegor Ligachev, Sergei Reshulsky, Vitaly Sevastyanov, Viktor
Cherepkov, Valentin Zorkaltsev and Alexei Mitrofanov.
[Description of Source: Moscow Interfax in English -- non-government
information agency known for its aggressive reporting, extensive economic
coverage, and good coverage of Russia's regions] -
Federation of American scientists
Symptoms of radio wave sickness
(excerpted from No Place To Hide April 2001):
Neurological: headaches, dizziness, nausea, difficulty concentrating, memory loss, irritability, depression, anxiety, insomnia, fatigue, weakness, tremors, muscle spasms, numbness, tingling, altered reflexes, muscle and joint paint, leg/foot pain,
"Flu-like" symptoms, fever.
More severe reactions can include seizures, paralysis, psychosis and stroke.
Cardiac: palpitations, arrhythmias, pain or pressure in the chest, low or high blood pressure, slow or fast heart rate, shortness of breath.
Respiratory: sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
Dermatological: skin rash, itching, burning, facial flushing.
Ophthalmologic: pain or burning in the eyes, pressure in/behind the eyes, deteriorating vision, floaters, cataracts.
Others: digestive problems; abdominal pain; enlarged thyroid, testicular/ovarian pain; dryness of lips, tongue, mouth, eyes; great thirst; dehydration; nosebleeds; internal bleeding; altered sugar metabolism; immune abnormalities; redistribution of metals within the body; hair loss; pain in the teeth; deteriorating fillings; impaired sense of smell; ringing in the ears.
Extremely Low Frequency Studies
This includes power-line fields and ELF pulsed radio-frequency and microwave signals.
Professor Ross Adey of the Loma Linda University Medical School in California has been researching electrical bio-effects for over 35 years. He was previously Director of the NASA Space Biology Institute, Professor of Anatomy & Physiology UCLA, Founder UCLA Brain Research Institute, and a member of the National Academy of Science Committee studying the bio- physical effects of the Seafarer ELF Communication System.
Regarding the possible adverse health effects of ELF fields he stated in 1992:
"As far as the science itself goes, I think that there are four major areas about which there can be very little doubt as to the significance of the findings:
1/. The effects on the immune system. A reduction in the ability of the circulating white blood cells to kill tumour cells. This has been shown in cell culture work and partially corroborated in animal studies.
2/. Effects on fetal development. There is evidence not only of fetal abnormalities but also in psycho-sexual development. Epidemio-logical work has shown evidence that miscarriages may be linked to electrical blanket use and some electrical home heating systems.
3/. The area of the control and regulation of cell growth, including tumour formation.
4/. The effects on the central nervous system and the brain in the ways which affect very powerful hormonal mechanisms, which in turn have connections to cancer and cancer related problems.
The work is being conducted in many laboratories world-wide so that the old fiction that this research describes uncorroborated experiments is no longer true. The most significant finding is, I believe, although many of the effects can be seen from the fields alone, they appear to be strongly synergic with chemical factors. Some known chemical promoters are significantly enhanced in their action by the presence of power-line frequency magnetic fields. This may be a pointer to the clustering of cases, where there may be a common chemical factor as well as the magnetic fields.
The chemicals which seem to be the problem are those which work on cell membranes, and not on cell nuclei. The concept of cancer arising from damage to DNA is now being supplanted by a different view of what the tumour problem really is; that it is a problem at cell membranes where the electromagnetic fields and these chemicals act together. I think that `conclusive' is too strong a word to describe the evidence, but I think that the evidence is very strong that there is this relationship.
In consequence, as a matter of public policy, I think what Granger Morgan at Carnegie Mellon University has suggested, namely that Prudent Avoidance be part of Public Policy is a very necessary way to tackle the problem. This implies not putting power lines over peoples' heads, restricting the access of builders to vacant land next to high- voltage power lines, and specific avoidance of school sites as a matter of public responsibility.
I think that the British authorities' reaction is a living dinosaur attitude, that it absolutely avoids confronting the evidence as it now exists. The NRPB, however, is doing work of the highest merit in its scientific content, and it indicates that there is reason to be concerned." 
EMFs & Health ~ the background
Investigating the adverse health effects claims
Dead whales found after military exercises
The Natural Resources Defense Council has already secured an injunction limiting the U.S. Navys use of new low-frequency sonar that can travel vast distances through the oceans, and is now targeting the more common mid-frequency sonar.
This is the first time such a broad, diverse group (of scientists) has made this finding, said council lawyer Joel Reynolds. Navies of the world do back-flips to deny any connection.
The IWC, a 57-country intergovernmental body which regulates whaling, said earlier in the week that oil and gas exploration off Russias Pacific coast threatened a colony of gray whales with extinction due to sonar and pollution.
Energy firms blast noise waves down to the sea floor to detect the presence of oil and gas reserves.
The IWC expressed concern about energy activities in the Sakhalin Island region off Russia where Royal Dutch/Shell, Exxon Mobil and BP operate.
Its scientific report also identified oil and gas exploration near the Abrolhos Banks, a coral reef off Brazil, as a hazard for humpback whales and called on the government to protect the mammals from the noise.
2004 report of ELF communications: Transmissions to end by 2007
Navy plans to scrap ELF
Transmissions to end at Clam Lake September 30
By RICK OLIVO and ANDREW BROMAN The Daily Press Monday, September 20th, 2004 09:48:11 AM
The U.S. Navy has announced that it will shut down the controversial Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Communications System on September 30, ending operations at the Two ELF transmitter facilities located near Clam Lake and Michigan's Escanaba State Forest.
The announcement came Friday afternoon in a news release from the Public Affairs Office of the U.S. Fleet Forces Command in Norfolk, Va.
"The Navy used the ELF system to maintain secure communications with submarines at sea. Improvements in the communications technology and the changing requirements of Today's Navy made the ELF communications system no longer necessary," said the news release.
A Navy spokesman said the decision to shut down ELF came out of an assessment concluding that improvements in technology made ELF unnecessary. The Fixed Submarine Broadcast System Assessment, conducted this year, concluded the Navy would save $13 million a year by closing both the Clam Lake and Michigan site, according to the spokesman, Steven Davis. Each transmitter consists of antenna strung on hundreds of 40-foot poles across dozens of miles of forest. The Navy began using the $400 million system in 1989. The annual operating costs for both ELF transmitters is $13 million, Davis said. Each site has one Navy worker and 27 civilian contractors. For future submarine communications, the Navy will rely on 12 worldwide Very Low Frequency systems, said Davis.
HISTORY OF ELF
The Navy's decision was immediately hailed by opponents of the communications system, which has faced strong opposition throughout the 36 years since it was first proposed in 1968 as "Project Sanguine."
The U.S. Navy first became interested in ELF signals back in 1958 when it was discovered the low frequency radio waves could penetrate seawater deep enough to send one-way signals to deeply submerged submarines. Tests in the early 1960s proved the idea was practical.
The original Project Sanguine would have required a grid of cables over 22,500 square miles of northern Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, an area larger than Belgium and Holland combined. It would have required 240 transmitters and 800 megawatts of power to operate and would have cost billions of dollars.
A committee set up to investigate the biological effects of the vast electric fields thus created quickly sank the idea. In 1969, a more modest replacement, "Project Seafarer" was proposed to replace Sanguine. It relied on newer technology to eliminate the need for such a huge grid, which would have required two-fifths of the state of Wisconsin to accommodate.
However, this concept too ran into immense public and political opposition, and went the same way Sanguine did. Concern over effects on fish, birds and animals in the region, as well as delayed effects on human beings was at the heart of the opposition, as was a spirited, if small component of anti-war activists who demonstrated at the Clam Lake site periodically for years.
The project was nearly killed in the late 1970s but was revived by former President Ronald Reagan in his plan to modernize strategic defenses.
In the end, a downsized Project ELF became operational in October of 1989, consisting of the two transmitters in Wisconsin and Michigan, connected by a 165-mile underground cable. They have essentially been operating 24 hours a day ever since.
OPPOSITION TO PROJECT
Although the facilities have been in constant use for nearly 15 years, opposition to ELF has never gone away. In 1981, Wisconsin's Democratic U.S. Senator William Proxmire awarded the facility one of his infamous "Golden Fleece Awards" designed to focus attention on what Proxmire viewed as particularly egregious forms of wasteful pork barrel spending.
In June of 1998, both of Wisconsin's Democratic senators, Herb Kohl and Russ Feingold introduced an amendment to the Defense authorization Bill to terminate Project ELF. Seventh District Congressman Dave Obey (D-Wausau) has been another who has opposed ELF since its inception.
"Going back to the time Gaylord Nelson was in the senate, Gaylord and I worked since 1972 together to try and end financing first for Project Sanguine and then ELF. The Navy would always whip us."
Obey said he finally stopped offering amendments to kill ELF three years ago, but has been telling constituents that there would come a time when the Navy would find other uses for the ELF funds.
"Now, they are a little late, but they have finally come to that conclusion," Obey said. "I just think it's a long-overdue commonsense decision. It always was in my view, a system in search of a mission. It's an example of things that happen because they can happen, not because they need to happen. People are recognizing, more than a little late that it was not a useful expenditure."
Feingold and Kohl echoed Obey's sentiments.
"I have led the effort in Congress to shut down Project ELF since 1993, and I am pleased that the Navy has finally terminated this outdated program, saving taxpayers millions of dollars," Feingold said. "Congress and the administration need to make sure that our scarce taxpayer dollars are targeted to those programs that are necessary to defend our country from current or future threats. Fighting terrorism remains our top priority and we must continue to free up resources for that fight by eliminating wasteful spending." The announcement that the Navy is ending Project ELF is good news," said Kohl. "For many years, local communities and Indian tribes have voiced their concerns about the environmental impact of this program, so it is a relief to hear that the Navy will be able to shut down this facility and use alternative communications."
ELF OPPONENTS CELEBRATE
One of the site's leading opponents, Chris LaForge of Luck-based Nukewatch said, "Hurray for us" after hearing the news about the closing. He called it "a victory for people and wildlife unnecessarily exposed to electromagnetic pollution." He said the closing was also a victory for nonviolence. "Everybody who practiced civil disobedience at this site was trained in nonviolence and was made stronger as result of going through that experience," he said.
Since 1991, 58 demonstrations occurred at the site. Police gave out 639 citations and more than 40 people have gone to jail for refusing to pay the fines, LaForge said. LaForge said Navy admirals testified nearly 30 years ago to Congress that ELF was unnecessary, even during the height of the Cold War. "It's a perfect irony that by the time the Soviet Union was able to put up a submarine threat against the us, it collapsed. So there was never any military usefulness, even though they claim otherwise of course," he said.
Davis said protests against ELF did not factor into deciding to shut down ELF. He also said the assessment did not examine potential health hazards of electromagnetic activity, a primary concern of people opposed to ELF. Rather, he said, the assessment focused exclusively on the capabilities of submarine communication. He said the assessment helped to determine how to best serve the "war fighter of today."
One person experienced in protesting at Clam Lake, Marylin Wilson, said the closing was an "emancipation proclamation for Wisconsin." "We have to celebrate the liberation of Wisconsin from dark currents," she said in reference to the electromagnetic field.
Alfred Meyer, Wisconsin director for Physicians for Social Responsibility, said studies have been conflicting on whether electromagnetic exposure is harmful.
"With this kind of uncertainty, it's not something we'd take a position on," he said.
The group is involved in reducing dependence on nuclear weapons. And from that standpoint, he said, closing ELF was significant.
"It diminishes our involvement with nuclear weapons," he said, "but it's not like Trident submarine are being disarmed. They're being communicated with in a different fashion," Meyer said.
According to the Navy's news release, the Navy is working closely with the U.S. Forest Service and the Michigan Department of natural Resources to develop timelines of key closure dates and milestones. These include National Historical Preservation Act requirements, land disposition and environmental assessment under the National Environmental Policy Act.
The closure process is expected to take up to three years to complete.
- The Daily Press
- [DOC] Navy's Project ELF antenna site at Clam
- [PDF] Extremely Low Frequency Transmitter Site Clam Lake, Wisconsin
Whale Beachings not natural?
Biosystem Effects Associated With EMFs
Geoelectromagnetic signal information may play a survival role in: [45-47] navigation, migration/location/orientation, and biological rhythms. There is also anticipation and detection of subtle or catastrophic changes in seasonal variations, weather, hurricane/tornado, and earthquakes.
How much of this information do we humans use or react to unconsciously in our daily life and how much is trainable latent talent? Consider the excellent sensitivities of the Australian aborigines and martial arts masters. As understanding increases about our long-term health dependence on natural and artificial EMF factors, our environmental awareness will be increased (on several levels!).
Trends indicate, in insect, fish, bird, primates and human research that continual long-term exposure to EMF pulse rates, intensities and waveforms in specific ranges, may produce behavioral, physiological, and psychological reactions in the living systems exposed [25, 45, 46, 48-57].
EMF signal information between biosystems [45, 47] includes detection/avoidance of predators, self-protection, communication, detection/attraction of food and mates and establishing territory.
Discussion. Research to date, primarily on aquatic lower vertebrates, clearly indicates that these animals can sense very weak electric fields. So far, this ability has been found in many marine and freshwater fish, several amphibian species; and the platypus. Sharks and rays are most sensitive to frequencies below 50 Hz and stimuli to 1 microvolt per centimeter. Many electric fish emit signal pulses of a broad range of frequencies or in continuous waves of constant frequency depending on species. The discharge of an electric eel can be in excess of 600 volts. Studies of "specialists" such as electric fish will continue to provide insight fundamental to understanding the more complex nervous systems of higher animals, and finally, humans. - Human Sensitivities To Electrical & Electromagnetic Fields: Details and Research About Health Perils & Promises
Mass whale deaths tied to U.S. Navy sonar, report says
The Yomiuri Shimbun - TOKYO - The U.S. Navy's deployment of active sonar to detect submarine activity is believed to have been responsible for at least six incidents of mass death and unusual behavior among pods of whales in the last 10 years, according to a recent U.S. Congressional Research Service report.
In one of the most serious incidents, 150 to 200 melon-headed whales were observed milling in Hanalei Bay off Hawaii's Kauai Island during a Rim of the Pacific Exercise on July 3, 2004, after midfrequency sonar was used, the CRS report said.
Known as RIMPAC, the naval exercise included the participation of Japan and other U.S. allies in Asia and the Pacific.
The CRS report also listed five other incidents in which smaller whales, such as goose-beaked whales, harbor porpoises and killer whales, were found beached and dead in groups of a few to nearly 20. Many of the dead mammals had damaged hearing organs, and all five incidents coincided with U.S. naval exercises in the areas, the report said.
The potential impact of active military sonar on marine mammals, whose hearing is critical for their survival, has long been a concern. Even the deployment of low-frequency active sonar is said to cause a roaring sound comparable to that of a twin-engine jet fighter, while the midfrequency sound is believed to equal that of a rocket. Experts have warned that the sound could critically damage the mammals' hearing organs.
The CRS report comes amid a growing number of reports of whales colliding with ships. In the latest incident, more than 100 people were injured last Sunday when a hydrofoil collided with an object, possibly a whale, off Japan's Cape Sata.
Although the U.S. Navy has limited the deployment of active sonar in most oceans out of environmental concern since 2003, its use has increased in the seas surrounding Japan as U.S. forces are intensifying surveillance of China's military activities.
"It's highly probable that even Sunday's collision was caused by a whale deafened by active sonar noise," said Tadasu Yamada, a sea mammal expert at Japan's National Science Museum.
But Akira Takemura, a professor at Nagasaki University, was skeptical of the theory. "A whale, even if its hearing is damaged, can still detect and avoid an approaching ship by deploying other senses, such as feeling the water pressure on its skin," he said. - miami.com
In her book Planet Earth: The Latest Weapon of War, renowned scientist and nuclear activist Dr. Rosalie Bertell says such electromagnetic weapons "have the ability to transmit explosive and other effects such as earthquake induction across intercontinental distances to any selected target site on the globe with force levels equivalent to major nuclear explosions."
Her book explains that pulsed, extremely low frequency (ELF) waves can be used to convey mechanical effects and vibrations at great distances through the Earth. Such manipulation of the Earth, she states, "has the capability to cause disturbance of volcanoes and tectonic plates, which in turn, have an effect on the weather," creating storms and torrential rains over an area. Anyone notice the world's weather has been very strange in recent months?
Beachings and Seismic Tests
On November 28, 2004, Reuters reported that during a three day span, 169 whales and dolphins beached themselves in Tasmania, an island off the southern coast of mainland Australia. The cause for these beachings is not known, but Bob Brown, a senator in the Australian parliament, said "sound bombing" or seismic tests of ocean floors to test for oil and gas had been recently carried out near the sites of the Tasmanian beachings.
According to Jim Cummings of the Acoustic Ecology Institute, seismic surveys utilising airguns have been taking place in mineral-rich areas of the world's oceans since 1968. Among the areas that have experienced the most intense survey activity are the North Sea, the Beaufort Sea (off Alaska's North Slope), and the Gulf of Mexico; areas around Australia and South America are also current hotspots of activity.
The impulses created by the release of air from arrays of up to 24 airguns create low frequency sound waves powerful enough to penetrate up to 40km below the seafloor. The "source level" of these sound waves is generally over 200dB (and often 230dB or more), roughly comparable to a sound of at least 140-170dB in air.
According to the Australian Conservation Foundation, these 200dB - 230dB shots from the airguns are fired every 10 seconds or so, from 10 metres below the surface, 24 hours a day, for 2 week periods of time, weather permitting.
These types of tests are known to affect whales and dolphins, whose acute hearing and use of sonar is very sensitive.
On December 24, 2004 there was a magnitude 8.1 earthquake more than 800 kilometres southeast of Tasmania near New Zealand, with a subsequent aftershock 6.1 a little later in the morning that same day.
Then on December 26 the magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck leading to the devastating tsunami that killed more than 300,000 people.
On December 27, 20 whales beached themselves 180 kilometres west of Hobart on the southern island state of Tasmania. Interestingly, the locations of the whale beachings over the previous 30 days correlates with the same general area struck by the 8.1 Australian earthquake. The seismic testing also took place in the same area. Then two days after the Australian tectonic plate shifted, the 9.0 earthquake shook the coast of Indonesia.
There is strong evidence suggesting oil exploration activities have induced earthquakes in the past, although a link is yet to be established in this case.
- Earthquakes: Natural or Man-Made?
If sub-aquatic Military EM frequencies affect Marine life...
can they supress the immune system of other wildlife?
from the air? from space?
in ...say... ...Birds?... Humans?
PAGHAM HARBOUR NATURE RESERVE UNDER THREAT FROM TETRA MASTS
There is evidence of wildlife and animals being affected by other microwave transmitters prior to the introduction of 02 Airwave Tetra. This issue needs to be addressed, both from the human point of view, and on its record of damaging animal life and bird migration patterns, as proved by various eminent professionals.
One of the country's leading radio mast research scientists says tetra masts are a menace to wildlife.
Roger Coghill from Coghill research labs, South Wales, said masts will disrupt animal breeding patterns, cause birds to stop migrating and give cows low milk yields
He also backed up claims made by people across the county who say pets are being made ill or killed
Mr Coghill sat on the Stewart committee which advised the government on tetra He said "I believe tetra masts will disrupt breeding patterns almost immediately
"There is extensive research which proves radio signals affect the navigation patterns in animals, so if you were to check with a local cat or dog sanctuary or a vets, they would probably confirm there are more lost animals where a mast has been switched on "
"I read a peer reviewed scientific paper this week which says radio masts vastly affect bird migration and flight patterns and you can see it for youself
"Airports regularly use radio signals to clear flight paths or flight areas"
"There is the same effect with tetra masts and it will happen almost immediately after a mast is switched on It will affect animals within a few miles of the mast and where there is a network of them, it could affect a large area of land," he said
Mr Coghill has given a number of talks on the subject of how radio masts affect animal behaviour in the past and continues his research into the phenomenon today
He said a peer reviewed scientific paper published last week says exactly the same thing
He said "When they are switched on transmissions have been found to affect a certain part of animals, especially birds and fishes' brains
"They have a part which is directly linked and specifically used for navigation. You will see it with house sparrows or any other common birds, m some other areas of the country masts have been blamed for wiping out whole swathes of bird populations," he said
Several wildlife organisations have recently appointed officers to specifically research the problem
The British Trust for Ornithology has appointed Mrs Rosie Cleary to look at the disappearance of sparrows because they think it is to do with mobile phone masts.
Others like Sussex Wildlife Trust's Tony Whitehead said he had lots of inquiries about the situation, but said he could not prove either way whether masts were having an effect.
The biological effect of proximity to a base station is reinforced by a study off fecundity in mice near a mobile phone "antenna park" Magras and Xenos (1997):
"RF power densities between 168 nW/cm2 and 1053 nW/cm2 were measured. Twelve pairs of mice, divided in two groups, were placed in locations of different power densities and were repeatedly mated five times. One hundred eighteen newborns were collected. They were measured, weighed, and examined macro- and microscopically. A progressive decrease in the number of newborns per dam was observed, which ended in irreversible infertility. "
Of particular interest is a much cited study of cattle, Loscher & Kas (1998), which when kept close to a base station, recorded reduced milk yields, emaciation, spontaneous abortions, abnormal behaviour patterns, conjunctivitis, heart failure and still births. When cattle were moved away from the base station, their condition and milk yields improved. The severe symptoms reappeared when the cattle were moved back to their original field beside the base station. The symptoms only appeared when microwave transmitters were added to an existing television transmitter. Loscher and Kas also report the profound effects experienced by the farmer and his family since the microwave transmitters were installed. Similar cases of health effects induced by electromagnetic field exposure were cited. Loscher postulates that the effects are connected to changes in melatonin levels.
Other studies have shown the effects of RF and microwaves on melatonin secretion. Abelin (1999) looked at Adult Sleep Disturbance with RF exposure at Schwarzenburg, Switzerland. Alpeter et al. (1995) tested bovine salivary melatonin at the same location. Turning the transmitter off revealed significant rises in bovine melatonin and human sleep quality. The human subjects exposed to a mean RF signal of less than 0.1mW/cm2 experienced highly significant sleep disturbance and reduced melatonin. Human melatonin increased significantly when the tower was turned off permanently. Cherry (2000), cites a further fourteen studies that show that EMR across the spectrum from ELF to RF/microwave reduces melatonin in people.
"It is believed that during the daytime light going through our eyes passes a message to the pineal glands in the brain which slows down the production of melatonin. At night when no light goes through our eyes the production of melatonin is speeded up. Melatonin is believed to scavenge cancer cells and impurities in our bodies and boost the immune system…. microwave radiation is believed to act on the pineal gland and suppress the night-time melatonin to daytime levels; hence the good work of the melatonin at night will be restricted leading to suppression of the immune system", Trower (2001). Its ability to inhibit the promotion of some types of cancer has been shown in animals and it has been shown to suppress the growth of breast cancer cells. So with reduced levels of melatonin, cancer will not be inhibited. Reduced levels of melatonin in the body have also been associated with depression. Similar symptoms have been demonstrated in cases of EMF exposure, Davis et al. (2001) and Levallois et al. (2001).
Other studies have shown disruption to sleep patterns. Mann and Roschke (1996) found changes to the pattern of rapid eye movement sleep: "…a REM suppressive effect with reduction of duration and percentage of REM sleep was found. Moreover, spectral analysis revealed qualitative alterations of the EEG signal during REM sleep with an increased spectral power density. Knowing the relevance of REM sleep for adequate information processing in the brain, especially concerning amnestic functions and learning processes, the results emphasize the necessity to carry out further investigations on the interaction of this type of electromagnetic fields and the human organism." This is particularly disturbing because of its potential effect on cognitive response, and may explain the results of Kolodynski and Kolodynska (1996).
One common theme in epidemiological studies on health effects caused by RF and microwaves is headache. There has been a considerable body of research on the effects of emissions on the blood brain barrier (BBB). Headache is consistent with the effects of radiation on the dopamine-opiate system of the brain and permeability of the BBB, Frey (1994) and Frey (1998). The blood brain barrier protects the brain from toxins and allows toxins to be expelled from within the brain. The blood brain barrier is rather like a one way sieve. If the permeability is disrupted, toxins may affect the brain.
Other studies have shown effects on human resting blood pressure, Hyland (2000), which increased when exposed to RF. Hyland states that although the monitored field strength was higher than that which would be expected from a base station, the information content of the base station emissions is the same, and therefore "these results are not irrelevant to any consideration associated with chronic exposure to base station radiation." Indeed there is evidence that RF and microwave effects are cumulative, so that prolonged exposure to low level emissions is as harmful as short term exposure to higher non-heating levels, Grigor'ev et al. (1995), Neshev NN, Kirilova EI (1996).
The papers cited above are just a few examples of the vast body of research on the effects of RF and microwave emissions. Further papers are cited by Hyland (2000) in a much cited paper in the The Lancet. Professor Hyland is one of the foremost experts in this field. Of particular concern is the 8.34Hz pulsing of GSM frame carriers which is within the range of human brain alpha waves. Their effect will be greatest in preadolescent children because the absorption of GSM waves is greatest in an object the size of a child's head. Any degradation of the immune system will also be most pronounced in children, where their systems are less robust than in adulthood. Hyland stresses the importance of animal studies where there can be no claim that measured symptoms are psychosomatic.
Mrs S Lawrence
- excerpt from this birdforum
PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF A CRYSTALLO-METALLIC DEVICE ON HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD LYMPHOCYTES EXPOSED TO GSM CELLPHONE HANDSET RADIATIONS Roger Coghill
Effects of EMFs on Birds, Bees, Bat-Rays, Butterflies & Buzzards
Geophysical prospecting: Utilization of various techniques to explore the upper few kilometers of the earth for natural resources, environmental, and engineering problems.
Electromagnetic prospecting (EMP) is a technique for identifying the composition of deep underground structures in order to detect, quantify and monitor hydrocarbon (and other mineral) deposits. In this method electromagnetic fields are measured at multiple points on the earth’s surface over the area of interest using Superconductive Quantum Interference Devices (SQUIDs). These measurements are used to deduce the electrical conductivity of geological layers down to depths of several thousand metres. - QUANTUM PROSPECTING LTD / CRYOTON (UK) Ltd
Radar uses electromagnetic waves, which are transverse waves analogous to the S waves of seismic research. Sonar uses acoustic waves, which are analogous to the P waves of seismic research. All techniques use reflected waves, but radar and sonar rely on waves reflected back to the sending apparatus, whereas seismic research relies primarily on seismic waves transmitted to a distant station. Also, both sonar and radar rely primarily on artificially events or signals generated by the equipment, whereas seismic research relies mostly on natural events. However, seismic prospecting for oil and mineral deposits often does rely on signals returned to the sending apparatus, and on artificial events (usually small explosions on or just under the surface of the Earth.) Seismic prospecting is simply sonar for shallow Earth layers. - source
EMF beams/pulses via satellite?
following excerpt from A Constellation Of Orbital Power Space daily - March 27, 2001
Once the Sun's energy is captured in space, what do you do with it?
One possibility is to convert stored solar energy to microwave radiation and beam it down to a combination rectifier-antenna, called a rectenna, located in an isolated area. The rectenna would convert the microwave energy back to DC (direct current) power. According to Marzwell, the dangers of being close to the microwave beam would be similar to the dangers of cell phone transmissions, microwave ovens or high-power electrical transmission lines.
"There is a risk element but you can reduce it," said Marzwell. "You can put these small receivers in the desert or in the mountains away from populated areas."
Lasers are also under consideration for beaming the energy from space. Using lasers would eliminate most of the problems associated with microwave but under a current treaty with Russia, the U.S. is prohibited from beaming high-power lasers from outer space.
HAARP in Space?
Trumpet operates in a similar highly elliptical 12-hour orbit. Three have been launched since 1994 by Titan-4(01)A Centaur-T
The Trumpet is a Fourth-generation United States Air Force signals intelligence satellites equipped with a large deployable mesh antenna; they operate from
Molniya-type orbits and are designed to monitor Soviet communications and missile tests. The first were launched in the mid-1990s.
so what have they got now!!!?
Possible bright USA 112 flash
Avian flu link? Are the animals / birds supressed immune systems, making them ill...along wth humans...causing a pandemic scare?
Are the birds supressed immune systems, making them ill...along wth humans...causing a pandemic scare? or are these symptoms, like the many cases of beached whales we have seen, really a sign of Electromagnetic pollution via the Star-wars missile defense system? is this system of satellites, Land & sea based 3d phased array radar systems secretly being used to douse for Oil & Gas reserves?
These EM frequency P-Wave seismic dousing techniques are thought by many to have been the cause of the asian Earthquake/tsunami in 2004
Earthquakes in turn are thought by some to cause further Tectonic / Abiotic manufacturing of Oil & Gas reserves
What we could be witnessing is the hidden constant engineering of carbon based energy resources - via the mis-use of a potentially endless supply of energy - wirelessly transmitted power from the sun via a satellite rectenna . This maintains a global slavery to carbon fuels & ensures massive profits for the energy giants & the arms manufacturers as we see the continued geo-political struggle by different 'actors' to control them and the subsequent global populations reliance on a CARTEL
Flashback: Japan's whale-seeking satellite
By Alex Kirby
BBC News Online environment correspondent - Tuesday, 8 January, 2002, 16:27 GMT
One of the two countries that still hunts whales has announced plans to monitor the animals' movements by satellite.
Japan, which kills about 500 whales annually, plans to launch the satellite later this year.
Officials of the country's National Space Development Agency (Nasda) said the satellite would track whales fitted with electronic tags. One said it was thought likely to help with Japan's whaling plans. The officials said the 50-kilogram (110 lb) satellite would be launched around October. It would be used with the global positioning system to track whales that had been fitted with electronic tags the size of coconuts, which would carry transmitters. The system will collect data on the whales' migration patterns "and other activities".
The officials gave no details about which species of whales will be fitted with the tags, nor about how they will be attached.
The International Whaling Commission (IWC) agreed a moratorium on commercial whaling in 1986, but the following year Japan began whaling in the name of scientific research. This is permitted under the IWC's rules, which say that any member state can kill unlimited numbers of any species, so long as the purpose is research.
For some years the Japanese fleet has been killing around 400 minke whales every year in the Antarctic. Japan argues that there are ample whales there to support an annual kill on this scale. It believes there are about 750,000 Antarctic minkes. Last year, the director general of the Tokyo-based Institute of Cetacean Research, Dr Seiji Ohsumi, told the BBC: "Using the data we have acquired for the Southern Ocean minkes, our calculation is that a quota of 2,000 whales could be taken for 100 years without impact on the population."
But the IWC, responsible both for whale conservation and for regulating whaling, has recently said it does not know how many minkes there are.
Japan defends its Antarctic programme as necessary to establish the minkes' abundance.
Threatened by technology
In the North Pacific it has begun catching small numbers of sperm and Bryde's whales as well. It says they too are abundant, and it is examining their stomach contents to see whether they are eating commercially important quantities of fish.
Japan's critics say the research is simply a stratagem to keep the whaling fleet occupied until the IWC agrees to end the moratorium.
Many critics also allege that Japan misuses its aid budget to bribe smaller IWC members to vote its way at Commission meetings. Japan rejects the suggestion.
Richard Page of Greenpeace UK told BBC News Online: "The fisheries agency of Japan is hell-bent on resuming full-blown commercial whaling, including buying votes at the IWC. "Even before the advent of satellite technology, whales didn't stand a chance. What hope have they now?"
One cetacean expert told BBC News Online he thought Japan would use its satellite technology to enhance its research programme, not to replace it, and that using the satellite would not save a single whale from death. The only other country to kill whales in large numbers is Norway, which is not bound by the IWC's moratorium because it objected to it. Several communities in the Arctic and the Caribbean are allowed to continue their traditional whale hunts in order to ensure their survival.
"We recognize that fossil fuels underpin our economies"
- The Cartel controls global resources on a mandate of Carbon based energy slavery
World's big polluters fund cleaner fossil fuels
By James Grubel 2 hours, 35 minutes ago SYDNEY (Reuters) -
Six of the world's major polluters wrapped up climate talks on Thursday with a multi-million-dollar pledge to develop clean energy, but said polluting fossil-fuels would continue to underpin their economies for generations.
Green groups, which labeled the six-nation climate-change talks a sham, said the money was a token and the two-day meeting had failed to make serious commitments to fight global warming.
In a communique at the end of the talks, the six nations did not set any targets to cut greenhouse gases. Instead, they stressed the need for business to help find ways of cutting greenhouse emissions without hurting fossil fuels or impacting on the growing demand for energy, particularly in China and India.
"What this is, is ... a harnessing of the private sector. It is recognizing the fact that it is the private sector that makes the investment decisions, in all of the countries," U.S. Energy Secretary Sam Bodman told reporters.
The Sydney meeting grouped the United States, China, Japan, India, South Korea and Australia, which together account for nearly half the globe's greenhouse gases emitted by mankind. It was the inaugural meeting of the Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate, which the six set up as an alternative way to tackle global warming outside the Kyoto Protocol by focusing on clean-energy technology.
A goal of the partnership is to convince industry to take the lead in developing and installing cleaner energy that cuts carbon dioxide and other by-products of burning fossil fuels that are warming the atmosphere, threatening weather chaos. Some of the world's big mining and energy firms attended the talks and pledged to improve efficiency.
The communique said reductions in greenhouse gases must be achieved without hindering economic growth. "We recognize that fossil fuels underpin our economies, and will be an enduring reality for our lifetimes and beyond," the document said.
"AGREED TO DO NOTHING"
Green groups condemned the Sydney climate talks as nothing more than a "coal pact" between the world's big polluters and fossil-fuel firms, such as Exxon Mobil and Rio Tinto, and a missed an opportunity to commit to renewable energy sources.
"Basically, they haven't agreed to do anything in terms of serious commitment," said Monash University climate change expert Professor Amanda Lynch.
The partnership agreed to set up eight industry-based taskforces to develop new clean energy schemes that would be backed by the technology fund. The taskforces will submit plans by mid-2006.
Australia kick-started the technology fund with A$100 million ($75 million) over five years and Bodman said he would request US$52 million in the 2007 budget.
While the partnership has said it will complement -- not compete -- with the Kyoto Protocol, green groups said the Sydney talks were aimed at subverting Kyoto, which obliges about 40 developed countries to cut their emissions by 5.2 percent below 1990 levels during 2008-2012. The United States and Australia refuse to sign Kyoto -- whose members account for 35 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions -- claiming its mandatory greenhouse gas cuts would threaten economic growth.
"Experience has taught us that seeking arbitrary targets doesn't result in achieving practical solutions to global climate change," said Australian Prime Minister John Howard.
Environmentalists said the Sydney pact would fail because it did not impose targets on its members, which comprise nearly half of humanity, or offer incentives for industry to clean up their emissions. "The first meeting of the Asia-Pacific climate pact has simply confirmed that the world's largest greenhouse emitters intend to dig in on coal, oil and gas despite the damage they are doing to the global environment," said Australian Greens Senator Christine Milne.
But Howard said an economic and energy outlook by the Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics showed clean development technology could cut greenhouse gas emissions from the six nations by around 23 percent by 2050.
The U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said in 1990 that stabilizing carbon dioxide concentrations needed eventual emission reductions of 60-80 percent.
Many scientists say global warming is melting glaciers, raising sea levels and will cause more intense storms, droughts and floods. Current levels of carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere are higher now than at any time in the past 650,000 years, research from Antarctic ice cores shows. - news.yahoo.com
FDA questions latest cell phone safety study
Thu Apr 6, 2006 By Susan Heavey WASHINGTON (Reuters) -
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Thursday questioned a recently published study that raised concerns about a heightened risk of brain cancer in wireless phone users, but added the agency would review all related data.
Swedish researchers said last month the use of cellular phones over a long period of time can raise the risk of brain tumors. Their findings contradict a number of earlier studies and are "difficult to interpret," the FDA said.
The FDA noted the study used a mailed questionnaire with a few follow-up interviews by telephone rather than in-person evaluations. It also did not make certain statistical adjustments to take possible other factors into account, the agency said.
Still, the FDA said it "plans to convene a meeting in the near future to evaluate research conducted to date in this area and identify gaps in knowledge that warrant additional research." It also will continue to monitor studies for possible health problems stemming from exposure to radio frequency energy. The FDA said it posted its comments on its Web site after receiving numerous queries following the latest findings. In the past, the agency and the Federal Communications Commission have said there is no known cancer risk, but if there is any risk, it is likely very small.
The Swedish study is not consistent with several other long-terms studies published over the years that found no evidence of harm from radiation emitted from cell phones.
A Dutch Health Council review of research from around the world did not find harm from the phones or TV towers, which also emit radiation. Another four-year British survey showed no link between regular, long-term use of cell phones and the most common type of tumor.
An industry representative said the vast majority of scientists have already concluded wireless phones are safe.
"When you objectively look at the enormous body of science that exists, you have to conclude that there is no evidence of adverse health effects," said Joe Farren, spokesman for CTIA, a wireless industry trade association. He added the FDA had already been planning to conduct a review.
Other scientific experts have said driving while using cell phones is more dangerous than the threat of cancer. The researchers at the Swedish National Institute for Working Life compared data from 2,200 cancer patients and an equal number of healthy patients.
Those who heavily used wireless phones had a 240 percent increased risk of a cancerous tumor on the side of the head where they used their phone, they reported on March 31.
The results, published in the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, defined heavy use of wireless phones as 2,000 or more hours, or about one hour per day for 10 years. - reuters.co.uk/