Who did this?
Shoot to kill Demo-cracy???
We see the Kratos (power) - What of the Demos (people)???
| Flashback: 2003
MOSSAD ASSASSINS RETURN TO BRITAIN AFTER 17 YEARS' ABSENCE TO 'DISABLE' THREAT FROM ISLAMIC TERRORISTS
May 11, 2003 Sunday Express - Exclusive by Gordon Thomas, Tim Shipman and Yvonne Ridley
MOSSAD has sent four of its top assassins to Britain, provoking fears of a violent showdown on the streets with Islamic terrorists. The kidon assassination squad has joined 15 handpicked katsas - Mossad's regular field agents - in the UK to "carry the war to our enemies", according to senior Israeli sources. Their brief is to "disable" any of the "close to 50" British Muslims that the extremist Islamic group, Al-Muhajiroun, last week boasted were "primed and ready" to carry out suicide missions similar to the one in Tel Aviv carried out by a British passport holder.
An MI5 source said: "In Mossadspeak 'disable' means taking them out permanently. We know from past experience the kidon can make murder look like an accident. It is their speciality."
Two of the kidon sent to Britain are understood to be women trained in the art of the honeytrap.
Former Mossad chief Meir Amit said: "Sex is a woman's weapon. Pillow talk is not a problem for her. But it takes a special kind of courage to sleep with the enemy."
Rafi Eitan, a former director of operations, said: "We are like the official hangman or the doctor on death row who administers the lethal injection. We are simply fulfiling a sentence sanctioned by the prime minister of the day".
Since he has come to office Israel's Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, has "sanctioned" a number of assassinations of terrorists who could not be brought before Israeli courts. The decision to send in Mossad came after urgent discussions between the two governments last weekend, which were described as "heated". One senior Israeli minister accused Britain of becoming a "haven for terrorists" during a hostile telephone conversation. Later, Mossad's new chief, Meir Dagan, called Eliza Manningham-Buller, head of MI5, and told her that his men would co-operate closely with her agents. The next day, katsas from Mossad headquarters in Brussels had flown into Heathrow, followed 24 hours later by the four-man kidon from Israel. Supporting them are Mossad yahalomin, who are specialists at bugging phones and buildings. Israel has made it clear that it fears Britain has become a haven for extremist preachers.
British intelligence officers are angry that Mossad's arrival in force in Britain for the first time since 1986 undermines their independence and casts serious doubts on their ability to deal with the enemy within. Their worst fear is that innocent civilians could get mixed up in an assassination attempt or a botched kidnapping. But they also fear that the Mossad incursion into Britain is an attempt to embarrass the Labour Government, which has upset Mr Sharon through Tony Blair's stern advocacy of the Middle East peace road map.
A British intelligence source said: "The whole purpose would be to neutralise Britain and eliminate Blair from taking part in the talks on the grounds his country is harbouring terrorists. "Sharon gets rid of UK interference and is able to shoehorn Mossad in to Britain again with the blessing of the Government." The Israeli embassy in London denied Mossad is on British soil and praised the role of the British intelligence services.
A spokeswoman said: "Britain has offered full cooperation in the investigation of the suicide bombings. We are very satisfied, we have full confidence in MI5 and MI6, we have very good relations."
The security situation will form a key part of talks this week between Foreign Secretary Jack Straw and his Israeli opposite number Silvan Shalom. These will be the first toplevel talks with Mossad on British soil since Margaret Thatcher ordered their operations to be shut down in 1986 after a "honeytrap" operation to kidnap Mordechai Vanunu, the whistleblower who revealed secrets about Israel's nuclear arsenal.
In Britain, the kidon are banned from using guns or explosives. But they are equipped with long and short-blade knives, and piano wire to strangle their victims.
Victor Ostrovsky, a former member of the assassination team, said: "Strangulation if the target is to be killed at night. Sometimes an aerosol or a syringe in the jugular to deliver a fast-acting nerve agent that kills and leaves no trace."
In the past, Mossad has killed 'terrorists' in Paris, Frankfurt and other European cities.
via Indymedia London
Terror squad marksmen get shoot-to-kill orders
Police are preparing specific shoot-to-kill orders to combat suicide bombers. Marksmen will be told to aim for the head rather than the body. This is because a shot to the head causes the muscles to go limp and could prevent the bomber detonating his device. Shooting at the chest could set off an explosives-packed vest.
It is part of a pre-planned response to suicide bombers drafted last year which is named Operation Kratos and draws on Israeli experience
Press photographs of members of the armed response team taken in the immediate aftermath of the killing show at least one man carrying a special forces weapon that is not issued to SO19, the Metropolitan police firearms unit.
The man, wearing civilian clothes with a blue cap marked "Police", was carrying a specially modified Heckler & Koch G3K rifle with a shortened barrel and a butt from a PSG-1 sniper rifle fitted to it - a combination used by the SAS.
Another man, dressed in a T-shirt, jeans and trainers, was carrying a Heckler & Koch G36C. Although this weapon is used on occasion by SO19 it appears to be fitted with a target illuminator purchased as an "urgent operational requirement" for UK special forces involved in the war on terror.
- Michael Smith Times Online
After the suicide bomb attacks in London on 7 July it is thought the Met's Anti-Terrorist Branch implemented its own pre-arranged response to suicide bombers, based on Acpo advice. Codenamed Operation Kratos, and based on the experiences of the Israeli security forces, the guidance reportedly states that an officer can shoot a suspect in the head if it is thought he is a suicide bomber who poses an imminent danger to police or the public.
Eyewitnesses at Stockwell station on Friday said they saw police officers fire five shots into the head of the suspect.
If Operation Kratos is being used, it would be the first time a shoot-to-kill policy was officially allowed on British streets.
Killed by SAS
Sinn Fein has long claimed the SAS and other British Army units used a shoot-to-kill policy against IRA members in Northern Ireland. Among the cases highlighted are the 1992 shooting of four IRA men - Kevin O'Donnell, Patrick Vincent, Sean O'Farrell and Peter Clancy - in Clonoe, County Tyrone.
Three others - Peter Ryan, Tony Doris and Lawrence McNally - were killed in Coagh, County Tyrone, in June 1991 when SAS soldiers fired around 200 shots into the stolen car in which they were travelling.
Shoot-to-kill was also allegedly used by the SAS in Gibraltar in 1988 on three IRA suspects.
Many policing experts claim the threat posed by suicide bombers today is so much more serious than the danger from the Provisional IRA in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s that a shoot-to-kill policy is obligatory.
Former Scotland Yard commander Roy Ramm told the BBC: "Generally speaking police officers have been taught to aim at the largest target on the body, which is the torso and that has worked well.
"People have died but others - robbers and drug dealers - have lived.
"The problem with the police continuing with that strategy is that if a round enters the body of a suicide bomber it could detonate the charge, probably killing the person wearing it, the police officers and anyone else who is close to the suspect.
"That leaves no option for the police but to take head shots. Almost invariably a shot to the head will kill. In a sense it is a shoot-to-kill policy, but by practice rather than design."
But the death of Mr Menezes shows the tragic consequences which can lead from such a policy and there may now have to be a rethink by Scotland Yard.
- BBC [after this page identified the operation & the references below]
|CO (Central Operations) 19 - No Protocol? or just plain clothed ...Disinfo
The plain-clothes officers involved in yesterday's shooting were drawn from an elite squad attached to Scotland Yard's firearms unit, which has about 440 full-time members. Recently renamed CO (Central Operations) 19, the unit is the largest police firearms squad in Britain and has long been at the forefront in the fight against terrorism. The men involved in the incident at Stockwell station are believed to be specialist firearms officers (SFOs) attached to CO19. They are the most highly trained officers and take part in operations against terrorists and armed criminals.
With the threat of suicide bombers on London's transport network, the unit is entering uncharted waters.
In normal circumstances, police would shout a warning, and Sir Ian Blair, the Met commissioner, yesterday said this was done at Stockwell, although witnesses said they did not hear it. The police, unlike the Army, do not have ''rules of engagement'' that dictate how they should use force. Ultimate responsibility in law for pulling the trigger lies with the individual officer. In broad terms, reflecting human rights legislation, the force used by police must be proportionate to the threat.
But faced with suicide bombers, rules of engagement may now be required, including allowing officers to shoot to kill without warning. The problem with shouting a warning is that it gives a terrorist an opportunity to detonate a bomb. On the other hand, shooting on sight risks killing someone who turns out not to have a bomb. Police officers have traditionally been trained to fire to incapacitate and generally to aim at the torso. Such shots, though, may detonate an explosive device strapped to someone's chest.
If a suicide bomber is not killed instantly, he can still detonate his device. Repeated shots to the head, as appears to have been the case yesterday, would avoid the risk of a bomb being detonated. As with all police shootings, there will be an inquiry into whether the killing represented a proportionate response. But in the new climate, the investigation will need to establish whether a new approach of the sort seen at Stockwell should be more commonplace.
SO19 (or the Force Firearms Unit) is a department of the London Metropolitan Police which provides firearms-related support to the generally unarmed force. It could be considered London's equivalent to the SWAT units in the United States. SO19 are sometimes called the "Blue Berets", since they used to wear them, although now they are more likely to wear baseball caps. - wikipedia.org
Essentially what we are dealing with is the formation of a death squadron mentality under the auspices of what is stilled officially considered a "civilian police force".
Despite the controversy surrounding the shoot-to-kill operations, London mayor Ken Livingstone "had nothing but praise for the police".
Rather than condemning the killing and calling for an investigation, he casually laid the blamed for the death of Jean Charles de Menezes on the terrorists:
"The police acted to do what they believed necessary to protect the lives of the public... This tragedy has added another victim to the toll of deaths for which the terrorists bear responsibility." (BBC, 23 July 2005)
Prof Clarke, who is professor of defence studies at King's College London, said police officers were not trained to carry out operations in this way.
"If police had been attempting to deal with this man they would have jumped on him and arrested him. Even Special Branch and SO19 (Scotland Yard's armed unit) are not trained to do this sort of thing. It's plausible that they (the officers) were special forces or elements of special forces. This was special forces-style behaviour, but it's impossible to say at the moment whether these guys were or not. They could have been police but they were not adopting police tactics."
Special forces? Anti terrorist branch SO 12-13?
| this is SO 17-19
The Metropolitan Police will not discuss Operation Kratos officially but it is understood that the tactics have been in place for about a year based on guidance from Israeli and Sri Lankan officers on how to combat suicide bombers or "deadly and determined attackers" as they are called officially.
The Met's anti-terrorist branch, SO13, implemented the response to dealing with suicide bombers, based on advice from the Association of Chief Police Officers, after the July 7 attacks.
Senior police officers said that tactics had changed because of the "unique problems" posed by suicide bombers - attackers who are prepared, and usually want, to die with their victims.
The guidance states that in extreme circumstances an armed officer can shoot a suspect in the head if the intelligence suggests that he is a suicide bomber who poses an imminent danger to the public or police. This is to avoid setting off any explosives that might be attached to his body. Five shots are deemed necessary to render a terrorist incapable of detonating his bomb.
The officer can open fire only if authorised to do so by a chief police officer - either at the start of a pre-planned operation, as seems to have been the case at Stockwell, or by police radio during a "spontaneous" incident. - Telegraph
|Man shot on Tube had no link with bombers [excerpt]
The latest development comes as a variety of intelligence, police and army sources confirmed that "dirty war" tactics honed in Northern Ireland's Troubles are now being brought to bear against Islamic terrorists in mainland Britain.
Techniques used by the SAS-trained 14th Intelligence Company - also known as The Det - in tracking and killing terrorists are being taught to British police firearms teams such as SO19 and to MI5.
The methods of British military intelligence's Force Research Unit (FRU) and its successor outfit, the Joint Support Group (JSG), in recruiting and handling double-agents in terror cells are also being taught to MI5 and Special Branch. The FRU is infamous in Ulster because of its history of collusion with terrorist organisations which resulted in the assassinations of innocent civilians.
Former and current members of the FRU, the Det and the JSG have also been headhunted by Special Branch and MI5 as specialist marksmen, watchers and agent-handlers.
"We are playing by big boy rules," said one intelligence and security source. "We have to use the best tacticians and experts at our disposal and those are the guys who served in Northern Ireland."
The hard hand taken by special forces fighting Irish terrorism is illustrated by the 1988 killings of three unarmed IRA members on Gibraltar. The Thatcher administration faced a torrent of criticism over the shootings.
Outfits such as the JSG and 14th Intelligence Company now have dedicated training teams for MI5, Special Branch and police marksmen. Other specialist units being drawn on include the SAS and the newly formed Special Reconnaissance Regiment. An SAS unit is on standby for any terrorist activity police cannot cope with. Concerns, however, are mounting within the intelligence community that in the rush to recruit members of the Muslim community into MI5 and Special Branch that the vetting process may not be as thorough as it should be. One intelligence and security source said: "We could end up being infiltrated ourselves by the enemy if we don't keep our standards high. That's a nightmare scenario." - Neil Mackay
Secret rules of engegement - er... don't the public pay their wages?
The police rules of engagement have also changed. This type of exercise that has been carried out by police in recent years is code-named Operation Kratos. It consists of trying to learn the lessons of all the situations round the world where people have tried to stop suicide bombing before. Armed police are operating under Operation Kratos guidelines In the past two years, firearms and surveillance units of the police have been retrained in new procedures under the Kratos rubric, and these include changes to the rules of engagement.
There are also changes to the way you might put someone under surveillance. We can speculate about the kind of effect that giving someone a warning might have, if you suspect they might be a suicide bomber. We can speculate about whether the police aim differently but we don't know, because those rules of engagement are secret.
Olympian gods :
The brothers KRATOS and ZELOS and the sisters NIKE and BIA were the personifications of Strength and Rivalry, Victory and Force. These four winged gods stood beside the throne of Zeus.
KratoV - Bia Bih - ZhloV = Strength Force / Violence Emulation / Rivalry
New Special Forces Regiment for the British Army
Published Tuesday 5th April 2005
The SRR cap badge consists of a Corinthian helmet placed in front of a Special Forces sword with a scroll underneath depicting the word 'reconnaissance'. This reflects the SAS and SBS cap badges in design, ensuring conformity within the UK Special Forces Group. The Corinthian style helmet, favoured by the ancient Greeks, was used from the early 7th to the 4th centuries BC. The helmet is facing forwards and suggests the viewer is being watched, while the wearer behind the mask is anonymous.
On 5 April 2005 the Secretary of State for Defence, Geoff Hoon MP, announced the creation of a new "Special Reconnaissance Regiment", which has been formed to meet a growing worldwide need for special reconnaissance capability.
In a written statement to Parliament, Mr Hoon declared the 'Special Reconnaissance Regiment' (SRR) will be operational from April 6th 2005. Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon said:
"The creation of the Special Reconnaissance Regiment demonstrates our commitment to shaping our Armed Forces to meet the ongoing challenge of tackling international terrorism. The new Regiment will help to meet the growing need for special reconnaissance capability."
The new Regiment has been formed to meet a growing worldwide demand for special reconnaissance capability - as announced in the Strategic Defence Review New Chapter in July 2004.
The Regiment will ensure improved support to international expeditionary operations at a time when it is most needed in the ongoing fight against international terrorism. Special reconnaissance covers a wide range of specialist skills and activities related to covert surveillance.
The SRR will draw personnel from existing capabilities and recruit new volunteers from serving members of the Armed Forces where necessary. Due to the specialist nature of the unit it will come under the command of Director Special Forces and be a part of the UK Special Forces group.
In a Written Ministerial Statement to the House of Commons, Mr Hoon said:
"The Strategic Defence Review (SDR) New Chapter published in July 2002 stated that we planned to enhance and build upon the capabilities of UK Special Forces. As part of this programme, the 'Special Reconnaissance Regiment' (SRR) will stand up on April 6 2005. This regiment has been formed to meet a growing worldwide demand for special reconnaissance capability. Consistent with the SDR New Chapter, this regiment will provide improved support to expeditionary operations overseas and form part of the Defence contribution to the Government's comprehensive strategy to counter international terrorism. The SRR will bring together personnel from existing capabilities and become the means of the further development of the capability. Due to the specialist nature of the unit, it will come under the command of the Director Special Forces and be a part of the UK Special Forces group." - news.mod.uk
Delivering Security in a Changing World: Defence Command Paper 2004
14th Intelligence. Also known as the Det, this SAS-run unit, was, until the creation of the FRU Ulster's main counter-intelligence squad.
- Neil Mackay
"One of the Army's most secret intelligence gathering organisations has been deployed on Britain's streets in an attempt to prevent further attacks. The newly-created Special Reconnaissance Regiment will work closely with MI5. "
"The Special Reconnaissance Regiment, or SRR, will provide specialist support for overseas operations, particularly those against international terrorism."
14 Intelligence Company
synonyms: 14 Intelligence and Security Company (14 ISC); 14 Int. and Sy; 'Det'
14 Intelligence Company was a special unit of the British Army. The unit was formed in 1973 (?) and its role was to provide surveillance in parts of Northern Ireland where regular British Army and police units had difficulty operating. Its members were known as 'operators' who were drawn from a number of intelligence agencies and the Special Air Service (SAS). 14 Intelligence Company operations were based on 'Detachments' ('Det') to each of the British Army's three Brigades in Northern Ireland. - cain.ulst.ac.uk
14th Int. was allegedly formed in 1972 when the Army established its own "secret intelligence gathering unit known as NITAT (Northern Ireland Training Team) . . . this evolved into a more specialised covert unit given the cover name of 14th Int." The authors don't mention that it's common for the SAS to be deployed as "training teams" in politically sensitive situations. Under this disguise SAS units have been sent to Oman, Zimbabwe, Brunei and Kuwait. (10) The MRF and "14th Int." appear to be one and the same unit. Not mentioned in Ambush, the MRF was also formed in 1972, and has been described as the best example of a pseudo-gang in Northern Ireland. Trained by the SAS, it was organised on a cell basis, and contained a "sizeable contingent" from the SAS. (11) A number of former and serving members of the IRA also took part in MRF operations. (12) According to Ambush, the alleged 14th Intelligence was trained by the SAS and used "SAS methods".
During the 1972 ceasefire the MRF shot civilians from unmarked cars using IRA weapons. In November 1972 the Army admitted that the MRF had done this one three occasions. (13) One of these incidents happened on 22nd June 1972 - the day the IRA announced its intention to introduce a ceasefire. (14) The shootings appear to have been done to discredit the IRA and, like the later Miami Showband murders, provoke sectarian killings.
SAS involvement was also alleged in two car-bombs that exploded in Dublin on 1st December 1972, killing two civilians. This happened just before a vote in the Irish Parliament on a repressive amendment to anti-terrorist legislation. The law was passed and the IRA was blamed for the explosions. They denied responsibility and pointed the finger at British Intelligence. The Irish Justice Minister later denied that a report had been compiled implicating the SAS. (15) In the same month, David Seaman claimed at a press conference in Dublin that he was a member of an SAS unit that was detailed to cause explosions to discredit the IRA. He was soon found shot in the head, his assassins were never found. (16)
During the mid 1970"s another cover name for the SAS was "Four Field Survey Troop, Royal Engineers", introduced in 1973 and abandoned in 1975. Fred Holroyd says this was an SAS unit under cover at the Royal Engineers' base at Castledillon, Armagh. Like the authors of Ambush, the Royal Engineers were told that it was a NITAT (Northern Ireland Training and Tactics Team). Holroyd, who worked with them, says its personnel were "former, serving or recently trained" SAS soldiers, who were commanded by infantry officers attached to the SAS. (17) One of these was Captain Robert Nairac, described in Ambush as "seconded to 14th Intelligence".
The SAS, their early days in Ireland and the Wilson Plot
Seán Mac Mathúna
Secret ceremony for special unit
3 September 2005 - Members of a secret special forces unit formed to spearhead the fight against international terrorism held an inaugural parade before Defence Secretary John Reid, it was revealed. The Special Reconnaissance Regiment, which became operational in April, carried out the ceremony at a secret location on Friday. Drawn from across the Armed Forces, the male and female recruits are understood to have already carried out operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The unit is believed to have helped to organise the surveillance operation which led to the mistaken shooting of Brazilian Jean Charles de Menezes at Stockwell Tube station.
Members of the regiment were drafted in to assist police and the security services in the investigations into the July 7 and July 21 attacks.
Chief of the General Staff General Sir Mike Jackson and Mr Reid took the salute from the unit's commanding officer on Friday as a march-past was accompanied by the Parachute Regiment Band.
Mr Reid said: "The Special Reconnaissance Regiment is one of the new capabilities generated as part of the reshaping of our Armed Forces. "They have greatly improved support to world-wide operations at a time when they are needed most in the ongoing fight against international terrorism."
Defence officials have not disclosed how many people have been recruited to the regiment and have refused to reveal where the unit is based. It is thought the regiment was formed from the SAS trained 14th Intelligence Company, which gathered covert intelligence on terrorist suspects in Northern Ireland. - thisislondon.co.uk
Army deployed in London
(by Paul Donovan, the Irish Post) Sept 3rd 2005 - A little discussed element of the shooting of Brazilian Jean Charles de Menezes at Stockwell tube station has been the role played by the British army. It must have come as a shock to many to learn that soldiers from the Special Reconnaisance Regiment were involved in the operation. This unit was set up in April to combat terrorism and it was the first time that it has been engaged actively.
The regiment was formed from 14th Intelligence Company known as "14 Int" of the Det (Detachment), a unit set up to gather intelligence covertly on terrorist suspects in Northern Ireland. Its recruits are trained by the SAS.
The level of involvement of the soldiers is unclear with it first being reported they were working purely in a surveillance role and then that they may have been on the bus following Mr De Menezes to the tube station.
To date the MOD has said the soldiers will be co-operating with the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) investigation but it will be interesting to see how long this continues. If the IPCC probe into areas that the army do not want exposed then they could withdraw co-operation as has happened on occasion in Northern Ireland.
The direct deployment of soldiers on the ground in Britain is further evidence of the anti-terror tactics first deployed in Northern Ireland coming home. Army units like 14 Int have a murky past going back to the 1970s. Former army and MI6 operative Fred Holdroyd has told how surveillance units transformed into killer units operating beyond the law. These operations later led on to the collusive network built up with Loyalist paramilitaries to target leading Republicans for execution.
The army unit responsible for much of the collusion structure was the Force Research Unit. Belfast solicitor Pat Finucane was one of the victims of these completely lawless actions. As noted here before it is one of the enduring ironies that former Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir John Stevens, who was sent to investigate the Finucane murder, finished up bringing shoot to kill back to the streets of London.
The very brief history of what happened as a result of these SAS assisted surveillance units being deployed in Northern Ireland offers a salutary lesson for Britain. Once the army become involved in policing matters - under the guise of preventing terrorism - the whole terrain changes. Maybe this was what Tony Blair meant when he glibly referred to the rules of the game changing regarding combatting terrorism.
The deployment of the SRR on the streets of London is a matter of real concern. The Northern Ireland experience shows what can happen if such operations are not properly controlled and monitored.
It is vital now that the IPCC inquiry unveils exactly what the soldiers were doing on the day that Mr de Menezes died. Beyond that there needs to be a debate in Parliament as to the extent and terms of engagement of the British army on the streets of London and other cities.
End military impunity from the law
It seems a good time with the British army being deployed on the streets of London to look at the laws under which they operate.
The Article 7 - End Impunity Campaign has just such a goal. The campaign has come out of the refusal of the Ministry of Defence to remove from the army the two soldiers who were convicted of the murder of Belfast teenager Peter McBride in 1992. After completing their sentences the two Scots guardsmen Mark Wright and James Fisher resumed their army careers going on to serve in Iraq and other parts of the world.
The campaign is based on Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that states that "All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law." The campaigners argue that the victims of serious crimes such as murder, rape, and torture are not afforded equal protection of the law if the perpetrator is allowed to return to a position where they are responsible for protecting the public.
Given recent developments the Article 7 campaign would seem like one that it is in all of our interests to support.
After the Cold War had ended, Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti confirmed to the Italian Senate in August 1990 that Italy had had a secret stay-behind army codenamed Gladio the sword.
A document dated 1 June 1959 from the Italian military secret service, SIFAR, revealed that SIFAR had been running the secret army with the support of NATO and in close collaboration with the US secret service, the CIA.
The so-called Allied Clandestine Committee (ACC) and the Clandestine Planning Committee (CPC), linked to NATO's Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), coordinated the stay-behind networks on an international level.
RUMOURS ABOUND ABOUT A COVERT GROUP OF FORMER SAS AND MILITARY INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS WHO ARE SAID TO BE STATE ASSASSINS.
Group 13 is generally believed to have evolved from former SAS soldiers, security, and intelligence operatives who were once active in Northern Ireland during the mid-to-late 1970's when a labour government was still in power. The SAS had been sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 to perform covert operations against the IRA. To cover their deployment to such a politically sensitive area, the SAS chose the guise of 'training teams'. A succession of cover names were used over the next two years - such as the Military Reconnaissance Force, the 14th Intelligence Unit, and the Fourth Field Survey Troop, Royal Engineers (FFST).
Group 13 - The Death of Dr David C Kelly
FLASHBACK: operation Gladio, David Copeland, Omagh