The troposphere is where all weather takes place; it is the region of rising and falling packets of air. The air pressure at the top of the troposphere is only 10% of that at sea level (0.1 atmospheres). There is a thin buffer zone between the troposphere and the next layer called the tropopause.
The Stratosphere and Ozone Layer
Above the troposphere is the stratosphere, where air flow is mostly horizontal. The thin ozone layer in the upper stratosphere has a high concentration of ozone, a particularly reactive form of oxygen. This layer is primarily responsible for absorbing the ultraviolet radiation from the Sun. The formation of this layer is a delicate matter, since only when oxygen is produced in the atmosphere can an ozone layer form and prevent an intense flux of ultraviolet radiation from reaching the surface, where it is quite hazardous to the evolution of life. There is considerable recent concern that manmade flourocarbon compounds may be depleting the ozone layer, with dire future consequences for life on the Earth.
The Mesosphere and Ionosphere
Above the stratosphere is the mesosphere and above that is the ionosphere (or thermosphere), where many atoms are ionized (have gained or lost electrons so they have a net electrical charge). The ionosphere is very thin, but it is where aurora take place, and is also responsible for absorbing the most energetic photons from the Sun, and for reflecting radio waves, thereby making long-distance radio communication possible.
The structure of the ionosphere is strongly influenced by the charged particle wind from the Sun (solar wind), which is in turn governed by the level of Solar activity. One measure of the structure of the ionosphere is the free electron density, which is an indicator of the degree of ionization. Here are electron density contour maps of the ionosphere for months in 1957 to the present. Compare these simulations of the variation by month of the ionosphere for the year 1990 (a period of high solar activity with many sunspots) and 1996 (a period of low solar activity with few sunspots): - csep10.phys.utk
Uppermost layer of Earth's atmosphere, above about 80 km asl. The temperature rises dramatically in the ionosphere, but the density is extremely low there. At this altitude gas molecules become ionised by energetic solar UV and x-rays. The ions aid the passage of radio waves, round the globe, by reflecting them, forming a kind of "wave-guide" with the ocean surface.
Keywords and terms you should know.
[the PHYS131 Web Site]
From 1945 to 1963 the U.S.A. conducted an extensive campaign of atmospheric nuclear tests, grouped into roughly 20 test "series." After 1963 when the Limited Test Ban Treaty was signed testing for the U.S., Soviet Union, and Great Britain moved underground. France continued atmospheric testing until 1974 and China did so until 1980. - The Years of Atmospheric Testing
How do nuclear devices contaminate the environment?
Detonating nuclear devices above ground can inject large quantities of radioactive material into the atmosphere. The explostion spreads the material from ground level up to very high elevations. Determining the exact type, amount, and fate of the fallout for any particular blast is difficult. It depends on the type of device, time and method of detonation, as well as regional and global weather patterns.
Large particles injected into the atmosphere tend to fall close to the explosion site. Smaller particles and gases are carried higher, are likely to remain aloft, and can travel great distances on global air currents. They gradually return to earth as they slowly settle or are captured by falling rain drops.
Contaminants from large atmospheric explosions may remain for years or even decades in the stratosphere, the atmosphere above ground level air up to fifty miles.) These contaminants only gradually settle out as small deposits of fallout in the ground-level air (the troposphere) or onto the earth's surface. - EPA
WATCHING THE BOMB
While researchers were running tests on relatively small numbers of hapless civilians, the military was conducting a series of potentially lethal experiments on a massive scale. From 1946-63, the military ordered more than 200,000 active-duty GIs to observe one or more nuclear bomb tests either in the Pacific or at the Nevada Test Site. The 195,000 GIs who served as part of the occupation force in Hiroshima and Nagasaki may also have suffered the effects of radiation. A vast body of information about nuclear bomb testing and its effects on humans has yet to see the light of day, but some individual accounts are harrowing.
One atomic veteran, Jim O'Connor, provided a detailed account of the Turk blast at the Nevada test site in March 1955. O'Connor reported seeing someone crawling from a bunker near ground-zero after the blast:
"There was a guy with a mannequin look who had apparently crawled behind
the bunker. Something like wires were attached to his arms and his face was bloody.
I smelled an odor like burning flesh. The rotary camera I'd seen [earlier] was going
`zoom, zoom, zoom' and the guy kept trying to get up." *22
At this point, O'Connor fled and was picked up by AEC rad-safety monitors who took him to a hospital where he was treated for radiation overdose. The Defense Nuclear Agency refused to confirm or deny O'Connor's account, although there are reports which refer to a volunteer officer program at several of the test blasts.
Navy officer R.A. Hinners was another nuclear guinea pig. *23 Only a mile from ground zero, he and seven other volunteers witnessed the detonation of a 55-kiloton bomb (four times the Hiroshima blast) on April 25, 1953. While the Army's report, Exercise Desert Rock VII and VIII, covers the 1957 test series and notes that the observers suffered no adverse effects, the Pentagon has not released any material relating to the use of volunteers at any other tests. *24
DELIBERATE ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION RELEASES
Nuclear researchers did not limit themselves to small groups of selected guinea pigs or large groups of soldiers under orders. The U.S. government also deliberately released radioactive materials into the atmosphere, endangering military personnel and untold numbers of civilians. Unsurprisingly, the people exposed during these tests were not informed.
In four of these tests at the AEC's facility at Los Alamos, New Mexico, bomb-testers set off conventional explosives to send aloft clouds of radioactive material, including strontium and uranium. When the AEC tracked the clouds across northern New Mexico, it detected some radioactivity 70 miles away. According to a Los Alamos press officer, there may have been as many as 250 other such tests during the same period.25
Nor was this intentional release the largest. During the December 1949 Green Run test at the Hanford (Washington) Nuclear Reservation, the AEC loosed thousands of curies of radioactive iodine-131 several times the amount released from the 1979 Three Mile Island disaster into the atmosphere simply to test its recently installed radiological monitoring equipment. Passing over Spokane and reaching as far as the California-Oregon border, Green Run irradiated thousands of downwinders, as civilians exposed to the effects of airborne radiation tests are known, and contaminated an enormous swath of cattle grazing and dairy land. *26 A team of epidemiologists is now looking into an epidemic of late-occurring thyroid tumors and other radiogenic disorders among the downwind residents in eastern Washington state.
The plant's emissions control systems were turned off during the experiment, releasing into the atmosphere almost twice as much radioactive iodine-131 as originally planned. The GAO report notes that the off-site population was not forewarned [nor] made aware of the [test] for several decades. It also notes that although adverse weather patterns kept the radiation from spreading as far as expected, monitoring Air Force planes detected hot clouds over 100 miles northeast of the site.
- DUCK AND COVER(UP): U.S. RADIATION TESTING ON HUMANS
Time:13:30 1 March 1955 (GMT) 5:30 1 March 1955 (PST)
Location: Nevada Test Site (NTS), Area 9b
Test Height and Type: 300 Foot Tower Shot
Yield: 7 kt
This was a UCRL linear implosion device named Cleo I. This was also the first successful UCRL test. It used a ZIPPER external neutron initiator. Predicted yield was 3.5-7 kt. The explosive used was Cyclotol 75/25. The nuclear system was a small diameter system only 10 inches wide and 39.5 inches long and weighed 785 lb. - operation Teapot
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RADIATION EXPERIMENTS
Executive Chambers The Madison Hotel 15th and M Streets, NW Washington, D.C.
Wednesday, March 15, 1995
"There was no blame to be assessed, no responsibility to be assumed. What had happened was somehow inevitable. Not the doing of man but of circumstances."
These are the words of Adolf Eichmann. Never, not once did the man convey anything but the feeling that everything he had done was totally appropriate.
If the conscience stops functioning, even occasionally, one is in mortal danger of losing one's self.
He was a soldier. In this, he took enormous pride, and a soldier is never entirely his own man.
When decisions were made by those above and orders issued, they had to be obeyed. This was duty, and his moral responsibility. For it is not just about the unspeakable evil perpetrated by the agents of Nazism, but about the astonishing capacity of those not wholly unlike ourselves for self- justification.
The ease with which in the interest of an ideology or simple ambition seemingly normal souls escaped their better selves. Evil is most disturbing when it is common place. Eichmann was the perfect example of the obedient, dedicated government loyalist who had put the whole before the individual.
Over 400,000 Hungarian Jews found their way to human experimentation and death solely because of the actions of this man. Today, we think only of the Nuremberg Code, but prior to the Nuremberg Code came the Nuremberg Decrees of 1935, which stripped Jews of their basic rights, took away their financial and social liveli-hood, and marked the beginning of a massive classification of sensitive national security documents.
Almost the same thing happened in this country at the beginning of the Cold War. Residents of Southern Utah and Nevada were identified in AEC documents as a low-use segment of the population. In other words, disposable."
Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments - Minutes of Meeting of March 15-17, 1995
"Senator Paul Wellstone [ $ ]
of Minnesota addressed the Committee
and urged members to investigate thoroughly the concerns of armed
services veterans exposed in connection with weapons tests. He
recounted the experience of Minnesota veterans who today feel
misled and neglected by their government because of health
problems they ascribe to exposures in the nuclear tests.
He noted the disclosure of fragmentary evidence of secret
Veterans Administration files on veterans exposed during weapons
testing. The senator informed the Committee of a preliminary
study by the National Academy of Sciences that is considering
whether it is feasible to do a full-scale medical follow-up
He added that the Committee s analysis of intentional
releases, though predicated on radiation exposures, might well
apply to the spraying of zinc cadmium sulfide over many cities,
including Minneapolis, as part of dispersal studies for
biological and chemical warfare purposes in the 1950s and 1960s.
Members questioned Senator Wellstone about the Committee s
scope of inquiry regarding exposures to veterans; ethical
criteria to judge intentional releases; and eligibility rules in
existing radiation exposure compensation laws.
The Secret World War?
Atmospheric testing the second wave:
Haarp is a phased array antennea system,
used to heat the ionosphere -
"If radio transmissions are long and powerful enough, the beams actually
change the distribution of electrons in the ionosphere,
altering for a brief time literally the way the sky is put together. "
Military Studies Altering Earth's Ionosphere
"The U.S. plans to carry out large-scale scientific experiments, under the HAARP program, and not controlled by the global community, will create weapons capable of breaking radio communication lines and equipment installed on spaceships and rockets, provoke serious accidents in electricity networks and in oil and gas pipelines and have a negative impact on the mental health of people populating entire regions, the deputies said. "|
| The HAARP antenna array
- very strange frequencies in Alaska
HAARP Boils the Upper Atmosphere
HAARP will zap the upper atmosphere with a focused and steerable electromagnetic beam. It is an advanced model of an "ionospheric heater." (The ionosphere is the electrically-charged sphere surrounding Earth's upper atmosphere. It ranges between 40 to 60 miles above the surface of the Earth.)
Put simply, the apparatus for HAARP is a reversal of a radio telescope; antenna send out signals instead of receiving. HAARP is the test run for a super-powerful radiowave-beaming technology that lifts areas of the ionosphere by focusing a beam and heating those areas. Electromagnetic waves then bounce back onto earth and penetrate everything -- living and dead.
HAARP publicity gives the impression that the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program is mainly an academic project with the goal of changing the ionosphere to improve communications for our own good. However, other U.S. military documents put it more clearly -- HAARP aims to learn how to "exploit the ionosphere for Department of Defense purposes." Communicating with submarines is only one of those purposes.
Press releases and other information from the military on HAARP continually downplay what it could do. Publicity documents insist that the HAARP project is no different than other ionospheric heaters operating safely throughout the world in places such as Arecibo, Puerto Rico, Tromso, Norway, and the former Soviet Union. However, a 1990 government document indicates that the radio-frequency (RF) power zap will drive the ionosphere to unnatural activities.
" ... at the highest HF powers available in the West, the instabilities commonly studied are approaching their maximum RF energy dissipative capability, beyond which the plasma processes will 'runaway' until the next limiting factor is reached."
If the military, in cooperation with the University of Alaska Fairbanks, can show that this new ground-based "Star Wars" technology is sound, they both win. The military has a relatively-inexpensive defense shield and the University can brag about the most dramatic geophysical manipulation since atmospheric explosions of nuclear bombs. After successful testing, they would have the military megaprojects of the future and huge markets for Alaska's North Slope natural gas.
Looking at the other patents which built on the work of a Texas' physicist named Bernard Eastlund, it becomes clearer how the military intends to use the HAARP transmitter. It also makes governmental denials less believable. The military knows how it intends to use this technology, and has made it clear in their documents. The military has deliberately misled the public, through sophisticated word games, deceit and outright disinformation.
The military says the HAARP system could:
* give the military a tool to replace the electromagnetic pulse effect of atmospheric
thermonuclear devices (still considered a viable option by the military through at least 1986);
* replace the huge Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) submarine communication system operating in Michigan
and Wisconsin with a new and more compact technology;
* be used to replace the over-the-horizon radar system that was once planned for the current location
of HAARP, with a more flexible and accurate system;
* provide a way to wipe out communications over an extremely large area, while keeping the military's
own communications systems working;
* provide a wide-area Earth-penetrating tomography which, if combined with the computing abilities
of EMASS and Cray computers, would make it possible to verify many parts of nuclear nonproliferation
and peace agreements;
* be a tool for geophysical probing to find oil, gas and mineral deposits over a large area;
* be used to detect incoming low-level planes and cruise missiles, making other technologies obsolete. -
Nick Begich - haarp.net
August 11 1987 Patent Number 4,686,605 issued to Dr. Bernard J. Eastlund, a physicist whose design promoted the U.S. government building on a mammoth electromagnetic weather engineering system. The patent was assigned to APTI Inc., a subsidiary of Eastlund's then employer, the Atlantic Richfield Oil Company (ARCO).The patent states, "Large regions of the atmosphere could be lifted to an unexpected high altitude. Weather modification is possible by for example altering the upper atmosphere wind patterns and that the earth's magnetic field could be decreased or disrupted at appropriate altitudes to modify or eliminate the magnetic field."
March 1988 OMNI Magazine carried an article about Dr. Eastlund's invention: "As he did his computations, Eastlund realized that the amount of energy he was dealing with was enormous. He calculated that by lifting parts of the atmosphere the charged particles could reflect sunlight, heat parts of the Earth and manipulate local weather patterns. Richard Williams, a physicist at Princeton, stated that he thinks the Eastlund HAARP device "might become a serious threat to the earth's atmosphere and could cause irreversible damage. Effects in the atmosphere cannot be localized. The language of the patent indicates that it is clearly intended to provide effects on a global scale."
September 12,1988 The New York Times reported that each GWEN unit utilizes about 2,000 watts of power and are "relaying brief test messages every twenty minutes."
November 1988 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists reported that GWEN involves a network of 299 foot high towers that "uses low frequency radio waves that hug the ground."
September 12, 1989 The Washington Post reported that during 1989, World Bank President Barber Conable made a speech in Tokyo at a conference on: "Global Environment" in which he revealed the long range goals of the international bankers. He said that "while higher temperatures may cause a number of disasters they might also warm cold and unproductive lands in the North into productivity." This candid admission described the real reason that the Soviets and the New World Order bankers have secretly promoted continuous weather engineering over the Northern hemisphere since the early 1970's.
November 1989 The bulletin of the Atomic Scientists listed some of the GWEN tower locations. Of extreme importance were GWEN units directly in the middle of the high rainfall area of the 1993 flood in the Upper Mississippi Valley. The operating and planned GWEN units are at: Ledyard Iowa, Chelsea Wisconsin, Shepard Minnesota, Curryville and Dudley Missouri and other units in Colorado and Montana whose range could influence the magnetic fields in neighboring states. The resulting enhanced constant precipitation levels killed hundreds and destroyed billions of dollars of property.
January 1990 Because of the publicity about the weather engineering aspects of the Eastlund Arco patent, the U.S. Government suppressed all further news about the invention's weather engineering features and the invention has been disguised as a device for conducting "atmospheric research.
June 1990 Progressive Magazine reported that each GWEN tower will have "a hundred copper wires, each 330 feet long, that will fan out from the tower a foot underground...The major environmental issue is Electromagnetic radiation...GWEN towers emit ionizing radiation, and they do so all of the time, with test signals broadcast every hour."
July 1990 CROSS CURRENTS: "The perils of Electropollution," by Robert O. Becker, M.D.; "GWEN is a superb system for producing behavioral alterations in the civilian population. The average strength of the steady geomagnetic field varies from place to place across the United States. Therefore if one wished to resonate a specific ion in living things in a specific locality, one would require a specific frequency for that location. The spacing of GWEN transmitters 200 miles apart across the United States would allow such specific frequencies to be 'tailored' to the geomagnetic field strength in each GWEN area." In response to the allegations that the GWEN system was built to enable the Government to continue communications during a war Dr. Becker countered, "The GWEN hardware is transistor based; even if placed in hardened bunkers it would still be vulnerable to electro magnetic pulse. The real purposes of the GWEN system is being kept secret from the American people.
March 29, 1992 The WASHINGTON TIMES reports the incidence of ELF signals associated with earthquakes are continuing. Satellites and ground sensors detected mysterious radio waves or related electrical and magnetic activity before major earthquakes in Southern California during 1986-87 and Northern California, Armenia and Japan in 1989.
The simplest antenna systems consist of a single antenna element, often in the form of a dipole or a loop. These simple antenna types generally have a broad radiation pattern such that radio signals are transmitted (or received) over a very large number of directions. This broad coverage may be desirable for some applications. Cellular telephones, for example, must be able to send and receive the conversation toward the nearest cellular tower no matter where the user may be located and without the user having to point the handset. As a result, the antenna used in this application (a form of dipole) has a very broad area of coverage.
For other applications, it may be possible to determine where the radio signal should be transmitted. For example, antennas used on commercial and DoD satellite systems are designed to transmit (and to receive) their radio signals toward the surface the Earth since that is where the users are. These satellites, often located at geostationary altitudes, use antennas with fairly narrow radiation patterns to maximize the power reaching the Earth and to minimize the power that is wasted by being transmitted in other directions.
The HF antenna system to be used for Active Ionospheric Research at the HAARP site will assist other facility instruments in the study the overhead ionosphere. As a result, it too has been designed to optimize or restrict the transmission pattern to lie within a narrow overhead region. To achieve this desirable antenna pattern, the HAARP system uses an "array" of individual antenna elements. The HAARP antenna array is similar or identical to many other types of directive antenna types in use for both military and civilian applications including air traffic control radar systems, long range surveillance systems, steerable communication systems and navigation systems. - The HAARP Antenna Array
"geologists are afraid to say something ridiculous along the lines of "sunspots cause earthquakes," despite the fact that, in a certain sense, they do... radio wave propagation (e.g. ionsospheric "whistlers") does appear to play a role in earthquakes, and it can be studied by closely monitoring the impact of the solar wind on the ionosphere. The geomagnetic changes prior to earthquakes may disturb both animals and human "sensitives," which can be seen in the 'precognitive' dreams and weird animal behavior which immediately precede the quakes. Gravitational changes may be involved as well, with the "dips" and "hills" in the field shifting with the wobble of the planet's axis or tidal forces from the moon and planets."
our odd world [Crawford 2000]
"In the field of geophysics, the use of high power transmitters, such as the one located at the HAARP facility, to study the upper atmosphere is called "active ionospheric research." The HAARP facility will be used to introduce a small, known amount of energy into a specific ionospheric layer for the purpose of studying the complex physical processes that occur in these naturally occurring plasma regions that are created each day by the sun. The effects of this added energy are limited to a small region directly over the HAARP observatory ranging in size from 9 km in radius to as much as 40 km in radius. "
HIGH FREQUENCYACTIVE AURORAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
near Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod (SURA) and Apatity, Russia
near Kharkov, Ukraine and in Dushanbe, Tadzhikistan...
HISCAT (International Radio Observatory, Sweden) (350 MW)...
VOA (Voice of America - Delano, CA) (27 MW) ...
Arecibo (National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Puerto Rico) (20 MW) ...
HIPAS High Power Auroral Stimulation Observatory
(UCLA Plasma Physics Lab - Fairbanks Alaska) (17 MW) ...
Do All of these Ionospheric Research Installations use some of the HAARP Technologies???
very low frequencies at the South Pole...
Pine Gap has what is believed to be the deepest and straightest 'water bore' in Australia drilled
beneath it. The bore is at least 28,000 feet deep (5.3 miles). This bore can also be used as an
underground "antenna" for very low frequency electricity broadcasts. As Pine Gap is supposed
to be involved in both upper atmospheric and sub-surface research, it is quite feasible,
if for no other reason, that the 'bore antenna' could be used to tune a gigantic 'standing wave'
field around the entire planet! -
Canberra eyes 'star wars' missiles
The American military occupation of Christchurch International Airport (Harewood) has its roots in the 1950s.
The scientific International Geophysical Year (1957-58) brought military air and logistics support in the
form of the US Navy and Air Force. |
The Navy left in 1998, but the Air Force continues its military/
intelligence support operations to this day. The American military operates under the cover the Antarctic
Agreement of 1961. Both overt and covert military and intelligence support operations that have little or
no relationship to Antarctic science and logistics (Operation Deep Freeze) have gone on for years both
in Christchurch and Antarctica.
The New Zealand government has never questioned the scope of US military
activities at Christchurch, the only Australasian city to host a foreign base within its bounds. - more
Thule, Greenland, is located between the North Pole and the Arctic Circle and is accessible by sea
only from mid-June to mid-September due to thick ice that covers its coastal waters. Created in secret
as a refueling base for strategic bombers during the Cold War, the base of more than 1,100 U.S. Air Force,
U.S. Coast Guard and multinational personnel now serves as a detection and tracking station for objects
traveling over the Arctic Circle -
Arctic battleground for US missile plan
MISSILE DEFENCE AND THE THULE RADAR
Why re-create the effects of sunspots on our atmosphere? |
when the sun is doing it constantly...
Shouldn't science be more involved with the receiving of data?
...not the out of laboratory transmitting of energy?
Or is it the case that Planet earth, and ALL the life on it,
are just one big laboratory experiment to these LUNATICS?
HAARP as a weapon
Haarp is an ionospheric heater & is owned by U.S. Dept Of Defense -
British Aerospace has the contract
The HAARP program collects and assesses data to advance knowledge of the physical and electrical properties of the Earth's ionosphere. "We look forward to contributing to this critical program. This is an opportunity for BAE Systems to play an important role in expanding knowledge of the Earth's ionosphere. Significant potential applications include long-range communication, sensing and satellite vulnerability to nuclear effects," said Ramy Shanny, BAE Systems vice president and general manager for Advanced Technologies (AT). |
BAE Systems Information & Electronic Warfare Systems employs 5,700 people at 11 major facilities in eight states. The business unit is a major producer of aircraft self-protection systems and tactical surveillance and intelligence systems for all branches of the armed forces. Other major business areas include microwave, mission and space electronics; infrared imaging; and automated mission planning systems. - Defense Aerospace
BAE SYSTEMS RECEIVES $35 MILLION FOR HAARP PROGRAM
WASHINGTON -- The Office of Naval Research has awarded BAE Systems a $35.4 million contract to manufacture 132 high frequency (HF) transmitters for installation in the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program's (HAARP) phased array antenna system. The contract was finalized April 19 with BAE Systems Information & Electronic Warfare Systems in Washington, D.C.
In 1992, AT was awarded a contract to design and build the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI), the HAARP program's primary tool used to study ionospheric physics. The IRI is currently composed of 48 antenna elements and has a power capacity of 960,000 watts. When installed, the additional 132 transmitters will give HAARP a 3.6 mega-watt capacity. The HAARP build-out is jointly funded by the U.S. Air Force, the U. S. Navy and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). - BAE
QinetiQs HAARP experiments - UK advanced weapons & defense
What is QinetiQ? The Strategic Defence Review undertaken by MoD in 1998 recommended a Public Private Partnership (PPP) arrangement as the best means of maximising the strategic value and operational cost effectiveness of the United Kingdom's defence research capabilities. Accordingly, QinetiQ has been structured to facilitate involvement by the private sector.
It comprises the greater part of DERA, the British Government's "Defence Evaluation and Research Agency". Until July 2001, DERA was an agency of the UK Ministry of Defence, incorporating the bulk of the MoD's non-nuclear research, technology and test and evaluation establishments. It then split into two organisations, DSTL and QinetiQ Group plc. DSTL remains part of the MOD and continues to handle the most sensitive areas of research. - factsheet
Generation of ELF (30-3000 Hz) and VLF (3-30 kHz) electromagnetic radiation by conventional techniques requires the use of very large and expensive antennas. However, it is possible ot generate ELF/VLF radiowaves indirectly by heating the ionosphere with a high powered HF (3-30 MHz) radio 'heater'. Modulating the heater power at ELF/VLF frequencies leads to a modulation in the ionospheric conductivity. This in turn modulates the natural currents flowing in the ionosphere such that the heated region radiates at the frequency of modulation.
QinetiQ has developed a model that simulates the ELF/VLF radiation emitted from the lower ionosphere as a result of square wave modulated-heating from a ground-based HF transmitter. The model determines height profiles of the electron temperature variations based on calculations of the characteristic heating and cooling times of the ionospheric plasma. The total radiated power and the magnetic field strength of the ELF/VLF radiation at the ground are then calculated by modelling the heated region as a Hertzian dipole antenna.
The model assumes a circular beam with a Gaussian power profile (see figure below). The beam may be launched at any angle of elevation and azimuth. In the model, the power is cycled on and off at the frequency of the desired ELF/VLF signal. QinetiQ is also developing a model of ionospheric heating by continuous-wave, dual frequency heaters.
Ionospheric heating QinetiQ
Are they playing the HAARP?
Iraq: World's First Scalar War?
U.S. Defence Secretary Cohen expresses concern about eco-terrorism using scalar electromagnetic weapons.
"Others [terrorists] are engaging even in an eco-type of terrorism whereby they can alter the climate, set off earthquakes, volcanoes remotely through the use of electromagnetic waves... So there are plenty of ingenious minds out there that are at work finding ways in which they can wreak terror upon other nations...It's real, and that's the reason why we have to intensify our [counterterrorism] efforts."
Secretary of Defense William Cohen at an April 1997 counterterrorism conference sponsored by former Senator Sam Nunn.
Quoted from DoD News Briefing, Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen, Q&A at the Conference on Terrorism, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and U.S. Strategy, University of Georgia, Athens, Apr. 28, 1997 - source
Imagine we had an unlimited amount of dominoes and we lined them up from here to, let's say, Paris. Then we could tip the first domino with 10 grams; it will fall down and cause the second domino to tumble, too, etc. The first action of 10 grams will cause all the dominoes to tumble including the last domino in Paris. From this experiment we should understand that it is not the 10 gram action that causes all the dominoes to tumble, but the 10 gram action just creates an imbalance of the first domino. It is the gravity, however, that causes the dominoes to fall. In other words: only a 10 gram action is required to trigger a gravitational activity of all our dominoes from here to Paris.
Imagine we had an unlimited amount of special dominoes of which only the first one we line up here is of normal size, and all the subsequent dominoes we line up again from here to Paris are of continuously increased size. By the time we reached Paris, the last domino block would be 1000 meters high and weigh millions of tons. Again we tip the first domino here with 10 grams, which will fall down causing all the subsequent dominoes to tumble. By the time the gravitational action reaches Paris, the last domino in Paris will smash the Eiffel Tower. From this experiment we should understand that it is not the 10 gram action here that will smash the Eiffel Tower in Paris, but it is the gravitational energy that is picked up on the way to Paris that smashes the Eiffel Tower. In other words: only a 10 gram action is required to trigger a non-linear gravitational activity which will cause the destruction of the Eiffel Tower.
HAARP Viewzone magazine
"Dr. Bertell is not someone whose views can be lightly dismissed. She once worked in the belly of the beast. Her brilliant early career as a mathematician was harnessed in designing weapons systems, until she rejected the inherent evil of the enterprise. She has since been a tireless worker for those contaminated and abused by the faceless tyranny of the military industrial complex. She has worked in the aftermath of environmental disasters in Chernobyl, Bhopal and even Sydney, Nova Scotia. And has documented the nuclear threat in her classic, No Immediate Danger."
THE LATEST WEAPON OF WAR ROSALIE BERTELL BLACKROSE BOOKS, 2001
Satellite defense shield patent acknowledges EM / kinetic weapons
Several systems are known which are used to cripple or destroy orbiting satellites or other space vehicles. These systems may be ground based or space based. Typical systems used for destroying satellites include kinetic energy weapons delivered by anti-satellites; directed energy weapons such as high energy lasers, neutral particle beams, high-powered microwave radiation, and other nuclear radiations; and broad-area electromagnetic pulses. Before the satellite can be destroyed, however, it must be detected in space, and the weapon must be aimed such that the destructive force will intercept the path of the satellite. This invention relates to a device which makes it difficult or impossible to locate and track the satellite. When the word "satellite" is used in this specification, other space based mechanisms and vehicles are considered to be within the realm of the invention.
To destroy a satellite, the weapon operator must aim his weapon either to lead the satellite such that the energy beam (or the like) and target arrive at the same location at the same time, or the weapon must be able to track the satellite's location. Should the aim of the gunner be off, in the case of an unguided projectile, the gunner will miss the target. In the case of a guided projectile, the target position, velocity and acceleration information must be accurate enough to enable the projectile to come near enough to its target to be effective. If the input data is inaccurate or too late, the operator will not be able to make the appropriate corrective actions, and the weapon will miss.
Artificially inducing a Mental state
Interesting statement from Brzezinski - [ex Carter administration defense secretery]
The following statement was made more than 25 years ago in a book which Brzezinski wrote while a professor at Columbia University:
"Political strategists are tempted to exploit research on the brain and human behavior. Geophysicist Gordon J. F. MacDonald specialist in problems of warfare says accurately timed, artificially excited electronic strokes 'could lead to a pattern of oscillations that produce relatively high power levels over certain regions of the Earth. . . . In this way, one could develop a system that would seriously impair the brain performance of very large populations in selected regions over an extended period. . . .' No matter how deeply disturbing the thought of using the environment to manipulate behavior for national advantages, to some the technology permitting such use will very probably develop within the next few decades." -
above top secret
Michael A. Aquino is the founder of another Satanic Church named the Temple of Set. (Set being the Egyptian god of the underworld) Aquino was originally a member of LaVey's Church of Satan. Aquino served as the High Priest of the Temple of Set until he retired the position
In 1981, Major Michael A. Aquino collaborated with Colonel Paul E. Vallely to produce a paper entitled From PSYOP to MindWar: The Psychology of Victory. The paper was submitted to Military Review and Parameter, the publication of the U.S. Army War College. The paper describes how psychological warfare should be used against the American people and, "MindWar should take full advantage of such phenomena as atmospheric electromagnetic activity, air ionization, and extremely low frequency waves." (Aquino - From PSYOP to MindWar p. 9-10)
While on a NATO tour of Europe in 1982 he performed a Satanic ritual in the Westphalian castle that Heinrich Himmler's elite SS used for the same reason, and apparently unquestioned by others in the force. During the 1980s Aquino, his wife, and another were accused of ritual child sexual abuse involving a US Army base near Presidio, California, but no charges were filed against Aquino - resistance manifesto
FULL MOON IONOSPHERIC EFFECTS
The term Lunatic is derived from the word Lunar (Moon).
Simply put; Hormonal reactions to increased positive ions in the air (Full Moon Effect) cause hyperactivity, depression, violent behavior, road rage, higher occurrences of migraines and asthma. Even bees are known to sting without provocation on higher positive ion ratios.
Why does all hell seem to break loose on or around the Full Moon?
"The U.S. Military has developed this highly sophisticated mind- altering technology for use as a weapon. It was used during Operation Desert Storm against Iraqi troops to induce in them feelings of hopelessness and despair that resulted in "mass surrenders". The use of this Psy-Ops weapon was reported by ITV News Bureau (London) in two bulletins, dated March 23 and 26, 1991 but the U.S. press was subject to military censorship that suppressed this information."
Letter to 180 Media Outlets By Judy Wall, Editor, RESONANCE
Newsletter of The MENSA Bio-electromagnetics Special Interest Group, Summer 1999
By artificially altering the planets IONIC levels via the HAARP
antenna array... can Human behaviour be controlled to determine health/mood/well being?
employing behavioristic modelling upon an unsuspecting populace...?
"Unnamed military personal suggest the HAARP system is capable of behavioral influence of which I am in total agreement, with these four patents and the research I am aware of on air ions and people.
This behavioral influence is not difficult with such an array. By increasing positive ions within Earths atmosphere, HAARP could duplicate the detrimental effects of the full moon while creating the sentiment necessary to increase global stock markets and increase consumer spending."
HAARP Defensive Economic Warfare: US technology capable of manipulating the Ion Ratios to change human behavior.
"According to literature by Silent Sounds , Inc. , it is now possible , using super computers , to analyse human emotional EEG patterns and replicate them, then store these "emotion signature clusters" on another computer and , at will , "silently induce and change the emotional state in a human being"
MIND CONTROL WITH SILENT SOUND
Those in the know can use this knowledge to play the markets
and can slyly pretend to predict certain events.
Superforce [United Dynamics Corp.]
SuperForce.com site claims that the Ion Ratio Forecast which is given in advance of the week on the site, can forecast with some accuracy the Stock Market performance ahead of time.
6 months review
example: Volatility Index (VIX)
The Volatility Index is a way to track caution and fear in the market place by tracking the options market. We have run the Volatility Index through our algorithm using the same days we trade on and found the following attributes. On positive ion ratio days the VIX moves down meaning people are not as cautious. On Negative Ion Ratio days the VIX moves up, Negative days are good for people but bad for the markets as people tend to be more level headed (they look both ways before crossing the street). Our monthly trading system is based on our exclusive algorithm that forecasts these fluctuating Ion ratios ahead of time.
"Negative Ions cause[d] subjects to be more responsive and invigorated, with increase calmness, and stimulation. Negative Ions also reduce depression, irritability and tenseness..."
Did you know that...[superforce factsheet]
Variations in the solar, magnetospheric, and ionospheric environment can affect a variety of ground-based and space-borne technological systems (e.g. high frequency (HF) communications, the Global Positioning System (GPS), ultra high frequency (UHF) satellite communications, as well as spacecrafts, pipelines and cable networks, etc.) These may have important socio-economical impacts, and hence the ability to forecast disturbances in the solar-terrestrial environment is valuable. |
Traditional linear modeling techniques often fail to improve on the reference recurrence and persistence models due to the incomplete understanding of the solar-magnetospheric-ionospheric interactions and the typically noisy and non-stationary nature of solar-geophysical data sets. The use of knowledge-independent (time series) analysis techniques is therefore an attractive alternative approach.
The Ionospheric Forecasting Demonstrator (IFD) developed by QinetiQ utilises nonlinear modeling techniques to make real-time forecasts of ionospheric parameters
The ionospheric data may not be used for commercial gain and QinetiQ accepts no responsibility for their use.
What happens when positive IONS are artificailly produced?
Superforce claims to be able to get a 93% probability success rate...
If Haarp can produce ionospheric affects on peoples behaviour...
doesn't playing the markets become rigging the markets?
Isn't this mood changing and alteration of behavior, basically mind control?
Data from the company has been requested by two different U.S. Military command divisions, the company expects the information could be used for applications with Psychological warfare. While we would expect the company officials to travel with security usually only reserved for the heads of state, the company remains relatively dormant without pomp and fanfare, waiting for objective testing results knowing that continued consistent correlations will result in a growing valuable asset over time. As this sleeping giant begins to awaken as an information powerhouse, company officials anticipate that the dissemination of information to the general public will cease in the near future, keeping their genie attached to the bottle.
This behavioral influence is not difficult with such an array. By increasing positive ions within Earths atmosphere, HAARP could duplicate the detrimental effects of the full moon while creating the sentiment necessary to increase global stock markets and increase consumer spending.
The military has suggested that HAARP has been inactive, but given the low cost of construction and importance of such an array, I would expect that a number of duplicate yet secret HAARP sites exist around the world. The Russian equivalent "Tesla Towers" which produced the "Woodpecker signal" were operating in the early 80's were probably capable of similar tasks.
Using HAARP to alter the atmospheric Ion Ratios would have been difficult prior to Sept. 11th 2001 as the side effects from increased positive ions in the air could lead to liability issues if HAARP was determined to be the source.
Side effects from positive ions winds (such as the Chinook wind in Calgary and the Santa Ana winds in southern California) compiled by a Swiss meteorological report in 1974 are as follows:
Physical side effects:
Body pains, sick headaches, dizziness, twitching of the eyes, nausea, fatigue, faintness, disorders in saline (salt) budget with fluctuations in electrolytical metabolism (calcium and magnesium; critical for alcoholics), water accumulation, respiratory difficulties, allergies, asthma, heart and circulatory disorders (heart attacks approx. 50% higher) low blood pressure, slowing down in reaction time, more sensitivity to pain, inflammations, bleeding embolisms of the lungs, and thrombosis.
Psychological side effects:
Emotional unbalance, irritation, vital disinclination, compulsion to meditate, exhaustion, apathy, disinclination or listlessness toward work (poor school achievement), insecurity, anxiety, depression (especially after age forty to fifty); rate of attempted suicide about 20% higher, larger number of admittance's to clinics in drug cases.
Expected Russian testing of the Tesla Towers resulted in increased suffering from migraine headaches and other strange maladies. Homicide rates also increased as well as cases of suicide and depression.
HAARP Defensive Economic Warfare:
US technology capable of manipulating the Ion Ratios to change human behavior.
Side effects? Population control via a fequency based mood suppressant
"Planet Earth has a natural frequency for electromagnetic radiation called the Schumann resonances. The human brain also has resonant natural frequencies for EM radiation "in tune" with the planetary cycles. Schumann Resonances are actually observed by experiment occurring at several harmonic frequencies between 6 and 50 cycles per second. A cycle equals a Hz. Specifically they are found at 7.8, 14, 20, 26, 33, 39, and 45 Hertz, allowing a daily variation of around +/- 0.5Hz.
Only as long as the properties of Earth's electromagnetic cavity remain about the same, do these frequencies remain the same. Cycles may vary somewhat due to ionospheric response to the cycle of solar activity, properties of the atmosphere and magnetosphere. Projects, such as HAARP, which heat up or blast out the ionosphere pose a potential threat to this interactive System of catastrophic proportions."
Schumann's Resonances and Human Psychobiology
"The natural geomagnetic field is a complex structure, resulting from the interaction between the simple magnetic field of the Earth and the energy that pours from the sun. However, researchers now tell us that the complex environment in which we live does, indeed, contain immense, unseen forces-the forces of electromagnetism--that do effect living things. These unseen forces have played an important role in the origin and evolution of life, and they still regulate our everyday lives (including our health and well-being).
Therefore, such kind of change in the magnetic field of Earth will not only create an artificial electromagnetic field to be used in mind manipulation, but also will affect human health and well-being (animal and plant life will also be influenced). Furthermore, such kind of ELF can also be specially designed and used to input the man-made subliminal message of mind manipulation to a large population. "
Part I-D: The Hidden Functions of HAARP
The schumann resonance and mind control?
"Did you know that there are electric field effects in the atmosphere that affect your brain?
We need to solve the mystery of why it is that your alpha rhythm, as measured by detectors sensitive to brain waves, has a frequency equal to that detected by the study of weak electric field oscillations in the atmosphere.
The frequency is 7.8 Hz, about one sixth or one seventh of the frequency of electricity supplied to your home.
It was Tesla who first discovered those atmospheric oscillations. He even embarked on research to exploit the phenomenon, aiming to transmit power to homes everywhere around the world by low frequency 'radio waves'.
That was deemed to be a venture that could put power companies out of business. How would they be able to charge for the service?"
BRAIN WAVES AND ALPHA RHYTHM
Harold Aspden, 1997
Scaler EM has an effect on the brain
which is similar to anti-depressants
Another project detected an effect of scalar energy on neurotransmitter function, which mimicked the effect of antidepressant medication. Scalars appear to modulate the basic biochemical communication between nerve cells mediated by neurotransmitters. Cultured nerve cells called PC 12 cells were isolated from rats, and the functional properties of noradrenaline release from PC 12 cells was shown to be increased by a 500Hz monopolar square wave, and noradrenaline uptake was inhibited by a 15Hz biopolar square wave, (Rein).
Noradrenaline uptake was chosen because it is directly mediated by the plasma membrane via an intramembrane protein carrier. The plasma membrane, with its liquid-crystal structure, is the critical cellular barrier which interfaces with the chemical and electromagnetic environment. Since other intramembrane proteins show non-linear properties, the plasma membrane is a likely target for scalar energy.
The physiological function of carrier mediated neurotransmitter uptake is to remove excess neurotransmitter from the synaptic cleft after its release from presynaptic nerves. Thus, inhibiting uptake results in the accumulation of the neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft. This is the mechanism of action of tricyclic antidepressants, since they inhibit noradrenaline uptake.
Depression is associated with decreased noradrenaline levels. Rein exposed confluent monolayer culture of PC12 cells to noradrenaline in the presence or absence of scalar energy. After 30 minutes, the cells were washed and centrifuged and noradrenaline uptake measured. Overall, uptake was inhibited by 19.5% in the presence of the scalar field as compared with the control value obtained in its absence. This is a significant statistical difference of p 0.01.
Researchers think a wide variety of physiological changes could be created resulting in improvement of a variety of clinical diseases, only one of which could be depression. Scalar energy can have a direct effect on the cell membrane. Researchers want to test whether diseased cells are preferentially sensitive to scalar energy; and what characterizes its mechanisms of action.