"We allowed and encouraged American corporations to do business with Saddam in the 1980s. That's how he got chemical and biological agents so he could use them in chemical and biological weapons. Here's the list of some of the stuff we sent him (according to a 1994 U.S. Senate report):
click on image
* Bacillus Anthracis, cause of anthrax.
* Clostridium Botulinum, a source of botulinum toxin.
* Histoplasma Capsulatam, cause of a disease attacking lungs, brain, spinal cord, and heart.
* Brucella Melitensis, a bacteria that can damage major organs.
* Clostridium Perfringens, a highly toxic bacteria causing systemic illness.
* Clostridium tetani, a highly toxigenic substance."
We Finally Got Our Frankenstein... and He Was In a Spider Hole! -- by Michael Moore
On September 11, 1990 George Bush went before a joint session of congress to talk about the events in the Persian Gulf and what's at stake. Was it a coincidence that the largest terrorist attack on the US happened 11 years later on the same day?
On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi military forces, on orders from President Saddam Hussein, invaded and occupied the small country of Kuwait. The Persian Gulf War of 1991--from January 16 to February 28--was fought to expel Iraq and restore Kuwaiti independence.
The war introduced several technologically advanced weapon systems. As well,the United States forged a broad-based international coalition that confronted Iraqs military strategy.
Saddam -CIA puppet
1959: "According to another former senior State Department official, Saddam, while only in his early 20s, became a part of a U.S. plot to get rid of [Iraqi Prime Minister Gen. Abd al-Karim] Qasim. According to this source, Saddam was installed in an apartment in Baghdad on al-Rashid Street directly opposite Qasim's office in Iraq's Ministry of Defense, to observe Qasim's movements."
Exclusive: Saddam Was key in early CIA plot [ Information Clearinghouse ]
1979: Seizes power with US approval; moves allegiance from Soviets to USA in Cold War.
1980: Invades Iran, then the "Unicycle of Evil," with US encouragement and arms.
1982: Reagan regime removes Saddam's regime from official US list of state sponsors of terrorism.
1983: Saddam hosts Donald Rumsfeld in Baghdad. Agrees to "go steady" with US corporate suppliers.
1984: US Commerce Department issues license for export of aflatoxin to Iraq useable in biological weapons.
1988: Kurds in Halabja, Iraq, gassed.
1987-88: US warships destroy Iranian oil platforms in Gulf and break Iranian blockade of Iraq shipping lanes, tipping war advantage back to Saddam.
Jessica Lynch Captures Saddam
Ex-dictator Demands Back Pay from Baker
[ by Greg Palast ]
A Saddam Chronology
by Stephen R. Shalom
Bush OK's Saddams Kuwaiti invasion plans...WHY?
UPI reported on Novermber 9, 1990:
"The straight talk coming from the White House (condemning Saddam for invading Kuwait) is in sharp contrast to the ambiguous, sometimes misleading messages given to Saddam before the Aug. 2 invasion of Kuwait.
"Just before that invasion -- and perhaps contributing to Saddam's decision to undertake it -- there was a series of limp declarations by U.S. officials that may have misled Saddam.
"One of those messages, delivered in late July by U.S. Ambassador April Glaspie to Saddam in a private meeting, said that the United States did not take a position ''on Arab-Arab'' disputes. Saddam understood that to mean that the United States would not react to his invasion of Kuwait."
On Sept. 22, 1990, the 'N.Y. Times' published what is apparently an accurate transcript of a conversation between Saddam Hussein and U.S. Ambassador April Glaspie. This conversation took place on July 25, eight days before the outbreak of fighting. We will post the Glaspie-Hussein conversation as soon as possible. It is most interesting. In it, she suggests that the Bush administration understands the Iraqi point of view and does not wish to meddle in an Arab dispute. For instance, Amb. Glaspie says:
"...we have no opinion on the Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait...we see the Iraqi point of view that the measures taken by the U.A.E. and Kuwait is, in the final analysis, parallel to military aggression against Iraq."
('N.Y. Times, 22 September, 1990)- ENC
Although the official Washington version of events presented
Iraq's occupation of neighboring Kuwait as an arbitrary and
unwarranted aggression, Kuwait had actually been a district of
Iraq, under Ottoman rule, up to the First World War.
war, to exert leverage against the abundantly oil-rich Iraq, the
British Colonial Office established tiny Kuwait as a separate
territorial entity, in the process cutting off most of Iraq's
access to the Persian Gulf. In 1961, Kuwait became
"independent", again because Britain declared it to be so, and
Iraq massed troops at the border, backing down when the British
dispatched their own forces.
Subsequent Iraqi regimes never
accepted the legitimacy of this state of affairs, making similar
threats in the 1970s, even crossing a half-mile into Kuwait in
1976, but Baghdad was also open to a compromise with Kuwait under
which Iraq would gain access to its former islands in the
The current conflict had its origins in the brutal 1980-88
war between Iraq and Iran. Iraq charged that while it was locked
in battle, Kuwait was engaged in stealing $2.4 billion of oil
from the Rumaila oil field that ran beneath the vaguely-defined
Iraq-Kuwait border and was claimed in its entirety by Iraq; that
Kuwait had built military and other structures on Iraqi
territory; and worst of all, that immediately after the war
ended, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates began to exceed the
production quotas established by the Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), flooding the oil market, and driving
19 July: Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney stated that the
American commitment made during the Iran-Iraq war to come to
Kuwait's defense if it were attacked was still valid. The same
point was made by Paul Wolfowitz, Undersecretary of Defense for
Policy, at a private luncheon with Arab ambassadors.
(Ironically, Kuwait had been allied with Iraq and feared an
attack from Iran.) Later, Cheney's remark was downplayed by his
own spokesman, Pete Williams, who explained that the secretary
had spoken with "some degree of liberty". Cheney was then told
by the White House: "You're committing us to war we might not
want to fight", and advised pointedly that from then on,
statements on Iraq would be made by the White House and State
compare: Bin Laden a puppet of the CIA -
who in turn are a corporate tool / asset
John Cooley, a former journalist with the US ABC television network and author of Unholy Wars: Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism, has revealed that Muslims recruited in the US for the mujaheddin were sent to Camp Peary, the CIA's spy training camp in Virginia, where young Afghans, Arabs from Egypt and Jordan, and even some African-American "black Muslims" were taught "sabotage skills".
In 1986, bin Laden brought heavy construction equipment from Saudi Arabia to Afghanistan. Using his extensive knowledge of construction techniques (he has a degree in civil engineering), he built "training camps", some dug deep into the sides of mountains, and built roads to reach them.
These camps, now dubbed "terrorist universities" by Washington, were built in collaboration with the ISI and the CIA. The Afghan contra fighters, including the tens of thousands of mercenaries recruited and paid for by bin Laden, were armed by the CIA. Pakistan, the US and Britain provided military trainers.
How the CIA created Osama bin Laden
Four years had passed since the C.I.A. began providing weapons and fundseventually totalling more than three billion dollarsto the various Afghan resistance groups, all of which were, to varying degrees, fundamentalist in religion, autocratic in politics, and venomously anti-American. |
During (and also after) the jihad in Afghanistan, bin Laden met frequently with Hassan al-Turabi, an erudite Islamist who now effectively controls the rigid Islamic government in Sudan. He dined regularly with President Zia ul-Haq, Pakistan's military ruler, who was a conduit for the C.I.A. arms.
He cultivated generals from the Pakistani intelligence service. And he befriended not only some of the most anti-Western of the Afghan resistance leaders fighting the jihad but also the Egyptian cleric Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman, who is now serving a life sentence in a Minnesota prison for conspiracy to "wage a war of urban terrorism" against the United States.
...His departure from his homeland coincided with the arrival there of tens of thousands of United States troops for the Persian Gulf War. When the Saudi regime permitted them not only to occupy its soil but to remain after the victory, bin Laden's antipathy to both the regime and the United States was inflamed.
New Yorker archives
Bin Laden [CIA] offers to help fight Iraq - defend Saudi interests -
Pushes Saudi Arabia closer to US
"After Iraq's invasion of Kuwait he lobbied the Saudi royal family to organize civil defense in the kingdom and to raise a force from among the Afghan war veterans to fight Iraq."
(How a Holy War against the Soviets turned on US" by Ahmed Rashid)
US shows Saudis Fake Satellite surveillance of Tank / troops on border?
One of the main reasons for Americas going to war against Iraq in 1990 was because the White House declared that there were satellite photos showing Iraqi tanks and troops massing on the borders of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, threatening invasion of Saudi Arabia. The reports fueled the war hysteria and frightened the Saudis, who then agreed to full cooperation with US military forces. They were a major reason used to convince the American people of the justification for war to protect and defend the oil supplies so vital to the West.
Yet the supposed aerial photos proving the accusation were never released. First the Pentagon said they had to remain secret because of the war effort. Then the White House kept hedging and finally the issue died down with the supposed photos still not released. Iraq all along denied that it had any intention of threatening Saudi Arabia and was only reuniting itself with its (claimed) province of Kuwait. See link below about Russian satellite photos showing no large concentrations of troops.
Unanswered Questions About the Supposed Iraqi Threat to Saudi Arabia in l990
The Bush administration lied when it stated on August 8, 1990, that the purpose of the U.S. troop deployment was "strictly defensive" and necessary to protect Saudi Arabia from an imminent Iraqi invasion.
King Hussein of Jordan reports that U.S. troops were actually being deployed to Saudi Arabia in the days before Saudi Arabia "invited" U.S. intervention.
Hussein says that in the first days of the crisis Saudi King Fahd expressed Support for an Arab diplomatic solution. King Fahd also told King Hussein that there was no evidence of a hostile Iraqi build-up on the Saudi border, and that despite American assertions, there was no truth to reports that Iraq planned to invade Saudi Arabia.
The Saudis only bowed to U.S. demands that the Saudis "invite" U.S. troops to defend them following a long meeting between the king and Secretary of Defense Richard Cheney. The real substance of this discussion will probably remain classified for many, many years.
We didn't find anything of that sort [i.e. comparable to the U.S. buildup] anywhere in Kuwait. We don't see any tent cities, we don't see congregations of tanks, we can't see troop concentrations, and the main Kuwaiti air base appears deserted. It's five weeks after the invasion, and from what we can see, the Iraqi air force hasn't flown a single fighter to the most strategic air base in Kuwait. There is no infrastructure to support large numbers of people. They have to use toilets, or the functional equivalent. They have to have food.... But where is it?
On September 18, 1991, only a week after the Soviet photos were taken, the Pentagon was telling the American public that Iraqi forces in Kuwait had grown to 360,000 men and 2,800 tanks. But the photos of Kuwait do not show any tank tracks in southern Kuwait. They clearly do show tracks left by vehicles which serviced a large oil field, but no tank tracks.
Heller concludes that as of January 6, 1991, the Pentagon had not provided the press or Congress with any proof at all for an early buildup of Iraqi troops in southern Kuwait that would suggest an imminent invasion of Saudi Arabia.
The usual Pentagon evidence was little more than "trust me." But photos from Soviet commercial satellites tell quite a convincing story. Photos taken on August 8, 1990, of southern Kuwait - six days after the initial invasion and right at the moment Bush was telling the world of an impending invasion of Saudi Arabia - show light sand drifts over patches of roads leading from Kuwait City to the Saudi border.
The photos taken on September 11, 1990, show exactly the same sand drifts but now larger and deeper, suggesting that they had built up naturally without the disturbance of traffic for a month. Roads in northern Saudi Arabia during this same period, in contrast, show no sand drifts at all, having been swept clean by heavy traffic of supply convoys. The former DIA analyst puts it this way: "In many places the sand goes on for 30 meters and more." Zirnmerman's analysis is that "They [roads] could be passable by tank but not by personnel or supply vehicles. Yet there is no sign that tanks have used those roads. And there's no evidence of new roads being cut. By contrast, none of the roads in Saudi Arabia has any sand cover at all. They've all been swept clear."
U.S. Conspiracy to Initiate the War Against Iraq
Saudi Arabia cuts deal with US - defend us and we'll give you a base
The Saudis were also shielded from Washington's foreign-policy bureaucracy. A government expert on Saudi affairs told me that Prince Bandar dealt exclusively with the men at the top, and never met with desk officers and the like. "Only a tiny handful of people inside the government are familiar with U.S.-Saudi relations," he explained. "And that is purposeful."
The United States has been Saudi Arabia's staunchest ally throughout the Cold War. It has defended the Saudi regime against the threat of Arab radical nationalism and against its own radical fundamentalist opposition. And above all, of course, against Saddam Hussein, who threatened Saudi Arabia's oil fields after the invasion of Kuwait.
It was all part of a deal under which Saudi Arabia, with its huge oil reserves, secured a safe and cheap supply of oil to the West. In return, the US would not criticize internal Saudi policy, its lack of democracy, its oppression of women and minorities. Nor did Washington criticize the Saudi regime for buying off its Muslim fundamentalist opposition by financing the spread abroad of its own repressive brand of Islam, called Wahhabism.
Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal told reporters in the Red Sea city of Jeddah that the Prince Sultan airbase -- home to most of the 5,000 U.S. troops in the kingdom -- would continue only to enforce a "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq, its function since the end of the 1991 Gulf War.
The presence of Western troops in the kingdom since the 1991 war has irked many Saudis, already angry over perceived U.S. support for Israel. Their presence has been seized upon by Saudi-born Osama bin Laden as a rallying cry for attacks
Saudi Arabia denies deal on use of bases
Saudis pay US $50 Billion to defend them against a non-existant threat
Seventy-eight billion dollars was the total cost of the 1991 Gulf War converted to current dollars
In the 1991 Gulf War, the US footed only 10 percent of the total bill. Ninety percent was paid for by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, South Korea, Japan and Germany. The Americans did the fighting. Given their past, countries like Germany and Japan took no part in the military campaign, but accepted a large share of the financial burden.
Why? Bush & Saddam were Business partners
in the 1980s, George Herbert Walker Bush had secretly been the PRIVATE business partner of Saddam Hussein. Together, they had extorted tens of billions of dollars from the weak sheikdoms of the Persian Gulf area---"protection money". They were obligated to pay the Bush/Saddam business partnership upwards of five dollars per barrel of crude petroleum shipped to the Western interests. For the decade of the 1980s, this partnership had profitted by upwards of 25 billion dollars per year, a total of upwards of 250 billion dollars for the decade, making Bush/Saddam two of the wealthiest people on the planet.
These funds were quietly laundered through a series of twenty five secret worldwide accounts of the Bush Crime Family. The loot was the same as if this partnership had been operated by the traditional Italian/Sicilian mafia or the latter day, Russian mafiya.
Sherman H Skolnick
One of the "washing machines", to disguise the funds, was the joint account of the Bush family with the Queen of England, at her private bank, Coutts Bank, London. In just one of the many transactions, one secret Federal Reserve wire transfer record showed the handling of ONE HUNDRED BILLION DOLLARS.
By 1991, the secret Federal Reserve records were in the hands of Saddam's half-brother in Switzerland who let it be known that he vowed to release the same if the American CIA engaged in any plot (which they did in 1993) to try to assassinate Saddam. The Saddam relative let it be known in Europe that the records, depending how they were publicized, could cause the criminal prosecution of Daddy Bush for treason. Among the records were the handwritten notes of the key official of the Internal Affairs investigation unit, of the U.S. Treasury, detailing the Bush Crime Family's treasonous 25 worldwide accounts, used to launder the partnership loot of Bush/Saddam.
In 1991, one sizeable conservative paper was the only one that dared run the story how Skolnick and his associates were the only journalists to attend a federal appeals court hearing in Chicago in a case involving suppressed bank records of the Chicago branch of Italy's largest bank,Banca Nazionale Delavoro, owned in part by the Vatican.
The suppressed records, ordered so by state and federal regulators involved the secret private joint business partner of Iraqi strongman Saddam Hussein.
After the hearing, in the back of the Federal Appeals Court, Skolnick interviewed two hearing participants who admitted to Skolnick that the suppressed bank records involved Saddam Hussein's private business partner, George Herbert Walker Bush, the then U.S. President.
Sources had earlier informed Skolnick of that, and Skolnick, to be careful, asked the same question about that THREE times and each time, the answer was the same: Bush was the private business partner of Saddam Hussein in billions of dollars of oil-kickbacks paid to Saddam Hussein by the weak sheikdoms in the Persian Gulf.
Skolnick is one of the only ones to have the more or less complete record on appeals in the case including the Affidavit of the CIA General Counsel, that revealing these matters would violate national security. The hearing participants said that revealing all this would cause a run on the banks worldwide and for that reason had to be suppressed.
U.S. [via a fearful Saudi Arabia] Pay off Russia - 'stay out of it'
According to some sources, during the Desert Storm operation Saudi Arabia actively negotiated with the USSR the problem of nonintervention of the Soviet leadership into the conflict. The Soviet Union was offered three billion dollars if it agreed to render no assistance to Saddam Hussein. And although the Gulf War began before the negotiations between Saudi Arabia and the USSR were over, Saudi sheikhs all the same paid 1.5 billion dollars.
The First gulf war was an extortion racket...