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Top Secret

[National Security Information: Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions]


-basic elements for financial support-
Washington, D.C.

December 16, 1998

The U.S. Government should increase sharply its support for democracy in Yugoslavia from the current level of $15 million to $35 million this fiscal year. This should be part of a broad diplomatic initiative aimed at developing alternatives to the authoritarian regime in Belgrade and broadening the West’s range of contacts. U.S. and European NGOs should be encouraged to increase their presence in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY); the USG should expand FRY private citizen participation in regional programs. A primary focus should be development of a new generation of leaders who respect political pluralism, market reform, rule of law, and tolerance.

This effort should include a reinvigorated public affairs stance: the people of Yugoslavia deserve better than the current authoritarian regime.

The U.S. should lead its allies with a policy of strong, irreversible support for a democratic Serbia, as was done in the rest of Central and Eastern Europe.


Open Media $10 Million-
Extend the audience by providing needed infrastructure improvements as well as quality entertainment and information programming Provide advice, technical support, and professional education Fund legal protection and self-defense funds for persecuted journalists and media Publicize cases of repression

Indigenous NGOs $ 5 Million-
Respond to local needs for NGO training Fund Balkans regional networks of think tanks and media organizations Form legal teams ready and willing to defend NGO’s and media challenged in court Seed multi-ethnic NGOs focused on crosscutting issues (e.g.: human rights, environment, economic development) Promote NGO coalitions for self-defense against repression, appropriate electoral activity, and professional development (lawyers, journalists, teachers, academics)

Labor Unions $ 1 Million-
Promote union membership, including among retirees and the unemployed Facilitate links to European union organizations and Yugoslav student organizations Support repressed union leaders through self-defense funds and actions

Education $ 5 Million-
Assist alternative education networks Support professors who have been fired for refusing to sign new contracts Develop alternative teaching materials emphasizing democracy and conflict resolution

Independent Judiciary $ 1 Million-
Train judges in procedures that meet international standards Support those who are fired or subjected to political pressures Support a combined international/domestic trail monitoring program

Political Parties $10 Million-
Expand training of political parties in grassroots organizing Promote consolidation of an opposition political bloc Encourage coalitions of political parties with NGOs, which should undertake parallel non-partisan tasks: activate youth participation, voter education, and media monitoring Develop the “second tier” of party leadership from provinces, municipal level, and from sectors not previously active as well as successor generation activities Provide support to local governments in control of responsible opposition

Electoral Commissions $1 Million-
Train members in transparent administrative procedures Fund tamper-resistant electoral technology Support census / egistration procedures

Youth Organizations $2 Million-
Promote democratic student organizations Fund travel abroad for student leadership Support study programs and internships in Europe and the U.S.

Convene a donor group that would meet regularly to discuss priorities

Invite Yugoslav NGOs to participate in this group, and to comment on international programs

Set up an international advisory network to support democratic development

[End of CIA report]


Captain Wardrobes

Down with Murder inc.